God uses words to help us understand who He is. Some of these words are known as the attributes of God. The most popular attribute of God is His love (1 John 4:8), but discipleship involves learning that God’s other attributes dictate how God shares His love with us. Anyone wanting to be a disciple should take some time to become familiar with the attributes that dictate how God shares his love.

I will have some notes on the Second Task of the Teacher Page to share some thoughts on how to use all the following list as a part of the discipleship process.

(to be continued…)

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The Attributes of God in Scripture

1. Independence

“Who has first given to me, that I should repay him? Whatever is under the whole heaven is mine.” (Job 41:11 ESV)

“The God who made the world and everything in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in temples made by man, nor is he served by human hands, as though he needed anything, since he himself gives to all mankind life and breath and everything.” (Acts 17:24-25 ESV)

“God’s independence is defined as follows: God does not need us or the rest of creation for anything, yet we and the rest of creation can glorify him and bring him joy.” (Wayne Grudem)

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2. Unchangeableness

“For I the LORD do not change; therefore you, O children of Jacob, are not consumed.” (Malachi 3:6 ESV)

“Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.” (James 1:17 ESV)

“We can define the unchangeableness of God as follows: God is unchanging in his being, perfections, purposes, and promises, yet God does act and feel emotions, and he acts and feels differently in response to different situations.” (Wayne Grudem)

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3. Eternity

“Behold, God is great, and we know him not; the number of his years is unsearchable.” (Job 36:26 ESV)

“Remember the former things of old; for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose.” (Isaiah 46:26 ESV)

“God’s eternity may be defined as follows: God has no beginning, end or succession of moments in His own being, and he sees all time equally vividly, yet God sees events in time and acts in time.” (Wayne Grudem)

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4. Omnipresence

“Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence? If I ascend to heaven, you are there! If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there! If I take the wings of the morning and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me.” (Psalm 139:7-10 ESV)

“In him we live and move and have our being…” (Acts 17:28 ESV)

“God’s omnipresence may be defined as follows: God does not heave size or spatial dimensions and is present at every point of space with his whole being, yet God acts differently in different places.” (Wayne Grudem)

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5. Spirit

“Therefore watch yourselves very carefully. Since you saw no form on the day that the LORD spoke to you at Horeb out of the midst of the fire, beware lest you act corruptly by making a carved image for yourselves, in the form of any figure…” (Deuteronomy 4:15-16 ESV)

“God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” (John 4:24 ESV)

“God’s spirituality means that God exists as a being that is not made of any matter, has no parts or dimensions, is unable to be perceived by our bodily senses, and is more excellent than any other kind of existence.” (Wayne Grudem)

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6. Invisible

“But,” he said, “you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live.” (Exodus 33:20 ESV)

“No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known.” (John 1:18 ESV)

“God invisibility means that God’s total essence, all of his spiritual being, will never be able to be seen by us, yet God still shows himself to us through visible, created things.” (Wayne Grudem)

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7. Omnscience

“Do you know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him who is perfect in knowledge.” (Job 37:16 ESV)

“By this we shall know that we are of the truth and reassure our heart before him; for whenever our heart condemns us, God is greater than our heart, and he knows everything.” (1 John 3:20 ESV)

“God fully knows Himself and all things actual and possible in one simple and eternal act.” (Wayne Grudem)

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8. Wisdom

“O LORD, how manifold are your works! In wisdom have you made them all; the earth is full of your creatures.” (Psalm 104:24 ESV)

“to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.” (Romans 16:27 ESV)

“God always chooses the best goals and the best means to those goals.” (Wayne Grudem)

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9. Truthfulness (or Faithfulness)

“But the LORD is the true God; he is the living God and the everlasting King. At his wrath the earth quakes, and the nations cannot endure his indignation. Thus shall you say to them: “The gods who did not make the heavens and the earth shall perish from the earth and from under the heavens.” (Jeremiah 10:10-11 ESV)

“Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.” (John 17:17 ESV)

“God’s truthfulness means that he is the true God, and that all his knowledge and words are both true and the final standard of truth.” (Wayne Grudem)

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10. Goodness

“For the LORD God is a sun and shield; the LORD bestows favor and honor. No good thing does he withhold from those who walk uprightly.” (Psalm 84:11 ESV)

“If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!” (Matthew 7:11 ESV)

“The goodness of God means that God is the final standard of good, and that all God is and does is worthy of approval.” (Wayne Grudem)

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11. Love

“Give thanks to the LORD, for he is good, for his steadfast love endures forever.” (Psalm 136:1 ESV)

“Anyone who does not love does not know God, because God is love.” (1 John 4:8 ESV)

“God’s love means that God eternally gives of Himself to others.” (Wayne Grudem)

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12a. Mercy

“The LORD is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love.” (Psalm 103:8 ESV)

“Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort.” (2 Corinthians 1:3 ESV)

“God’s mercy means God’s goodness toward those in misery and distress.” (Wayne Grudem)

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12b. Grace

“Turn to me and be gracious to me, as is your way with those who love your name.” (Psalm 119:132 ESV)

“But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace toward me was not in vain. On the contrary, I worked harder than any of them, though it was not I, but the grace of God that is with me.” (1 Corinthians 15:10 ESV)

“God’s grace means God’s goodness in withholding of punishment toward those who sin over a period of time.”(Wayne Grudem)

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12c. Patience

“The LORD is slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, forgiving iniquity and transgression, but he will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children, to the third and the fourth generation.” (Numbers 14:18 ESV)

“But I received mercy for this reason, that in me, as the foremost, Jesus Christ might display his perfect patience as an example to those who were to believe in him for eternal life.” (1 Timothy 1:16 ESV)

“God’s patience means God’s goodness in withholding punishment toward those who sin over a period of time.” (Wayne Grudem)

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13. Holiness

“For I am the LORD your God. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy. You shall not defile yourselves with any swarming thing that crawls on the ground.” (Leviticus 11:44 ESV)

“Strive for peace with everyone, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord.” (Hebrews 12:14 ESV)

“God’s holiness means that he is separated from sin and devoted to seeking his own honor.” (Wayne Grudem)

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14. Peace (or Order)

“May the LORD give strength to his people! May the LORD bless his people with peace!” (Psalm 29:11 ESV)

“May the God of peace be with you all. Amen.” (Romans 15:33 ESV)

“God’s peace means that in God’s being and in his actions he is separate from all confusion and disorder, yet he is continually active in innumerable well ordered, fully controlled, simultaneous actions.” (Wayne Grudem)

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15. Righteousness (or Justice)

“The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.” (Deuteronomy 32:4 ESV)

“whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to show God’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.” (Romans 3:25-26 ESV)

“God’s righteousness means that God always act in accordance with what is right and is himself the final standard of what is right.” (Wayne Grudem)

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16. Jealousy

“You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me…” (Exodus 20:5 ESV)

“For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it, for how should my name be profaned? My glory I will not give to another.” (Isaiah 48:11 ESV)

“God’s jealousy means that God continually seeks to protect his own honor.” (Wayne Grudem)

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17. Wrath

“And the LORD said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and behold, it is a stiff-necked people. Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them, in order that I may make a great nation of you.” (Exodus 32:9-10 ESV)

“For they themselves report concerning us the kind of reception we had among you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God, and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.” (1 Thessalonians 1:10 ESV)

“God’s wrath means that he intensely hates all sin.” (Wayne Grudem)

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18. Will

“While the words were still in the king’s mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, “O King Nebuchadnezzar, to you it is spoken: The kingdom has departed from you, and you shall be driven from among men, and your dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field. And you shall be made to eat grass like an ox, and seven periods of time shall pass over you, until you know that the Most High rules the kingdom of men and gives it to whom he will.” (Daniel 4:31-32 ESV)

“Worthy are you, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for you created all things,
and by your will they existed and were created.” (Revelation 4:11 ESV)

“God’s will is that attribute of God whereby he approves and determines to bring about every action necessary for the existence and activity of himself and all creation.” (Wayne Grudem)

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19. Freedom

“Our God is in the heavens; he does all that he pleases.” (Psalm 115:3 ESV)

“The king’s heart is a stream of water in the hand of the LORD; he turns it wherever he will.” (Proverbs 21:1 ESV)

“God’s freedom is that attribute of God whereby he does whatever he pleases.” (Wayne Grudem)

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20. Omnipotence

“Is anything too hard for the LORD? At the appointed time I will return to you, about this time next year, and Sarah shall have a son.” (Genesis 18:14 ESV)

““Behold, I am the LORD, the God of all flesh. Is anything too hard for me?” (Jeremiah 32:27 ESV)

“God’s omnipotence means that God is able to do all his holy will.” (Wayne Grudem)

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21. Perfection

“This God—his way is perfect; the word of the LORD proves true; he is a shield for all those who take refuge in him.” (Psalm 18:30 ESV)

“You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.” (Matthew 5: 48 ESV)

“God’s perfection means that God completely possesses all excellent qualities and lacks no part of any qualities that would be desirable for him.” (Wayne Grudem)

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22. Blessedness

“Bless the LORD, O my soul, and all that is within me, bless his holy name! Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits” (Psalm 103:1-2 ESV)

“in accordance with the gospel of the glory of the blessed God with which I have been entrusted.” (1 Timothy 1:11 ESV)

“God’s blessedness means that God delights fully in himself and in all that reflects his character.” (Wayne Grudem)

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23. Beauty

“One thing have I asked of the LORD, that will I seek after: that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to gaze upon the beauty of the LORD and to inquire in his temple.” (Psalm 27:4 ESV)

“Whom have I in heaven but you? And there is nothing on earth that I desire besides you.” (Psalm 73:25 ESV)

“God’s beauty is that attribute of God whereby he is the sum of all desirable qualities.” (Wayne Grudem)

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24. Glory

“Everyone who is called by my name, whom I created for my glory, whom I formed and made.” (Isaiah 43:7 ESV)

“for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” (Romans 3:23 ESV)

“God’s glory is the created brightness that surrounds God’s revelation of himself.” (Wayne Grudem)