Before we get into the events of the book of Exodus, we should take a moment and try to reconcile Biblical history with what archaeologists and historians have to say about ancient Egypt.
There is a difference between our modern records of Egyptian history and the biblical record presented in our English Bibles. Here is a video that explains why this difference exists.
Were the Pyramids Built Before The Flood?
(1) Exodus 1:1-7
In the land of Egypt, Joseph and his brothers were able to live in peace, and their families began to grow in number(s). They were living with the expectation that someday they return to the land of Canaan.
If you want to to know more about Joseph’s accomplishments in Egypt, you can look for information about him online. The name of Joseph’s city was called Avaris, and archaeologists today call it “Tel ed-da’aba.”
(2) Exodus 1:8-22
When Joseph ended up in Egypt, the Egyptian people were living under what we might call a foreign occupation. The Egyptian people were the sons of Ham, and they were being ruled by the sons of Shem.
This would explain why Joseph, a son of Shem, was promoted to be second in command in a government set up and operated by the sons of Shem.
“Now there arose a new king over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.” (Exodus 1:8 ESV)
The government that Joseph had been a part over was destroyed in an armed rebellion, and the new government began re-writing history so that the story of all the good things Joseph in Egypt did as a representative of a foreign power during the famine was forgotten.
The new government considered the sons of Israel to be a national security threat. The New King was afraid that the Sons of Shem would try to reclaim control of the land of Egypt, and that the sons of Israel would “join our enemies.” (Exodus 1:10 ESV)
So how did the new Egyptian government handle a potential national security crisis like this? The new government responded in three ways.
- They put all of their men into work as slaves. (Exodus 1:11)
- They committed genocide against their children. (Exodus 1:15-16)
- They would tell a new story about Egypt
The new story the Egyptian government began to tell required them to be loyal to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, because they had been servants of the sons of Shem who were loyal to the Genesis narrative.
That new Egyptian story eventually led the sons of Israel to begin praying for mercy. (See Exodus 2:23).
“God Heard Their Cry”
The genocide that the Pharaoh decreed as a representative of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim was done to resolve a potential national security threat resulted in a Hebrew baby being adopted by the Pharaoh’s daughter.
The name given to that baby was Moses. It is an irony that this Moses would eventually destroy the system set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
As a young child, Moses was taught about his Hebrew heritage before being taken back to Pharaoh’s daughter and being raised as an Egyptian. On a side note, this kind of thing was done on a regular basis, and the age of the child would have been between 5 and 7 years old.
Moses grew up with his Hebrew family, only to be given to Pharaoh’s daughter when he was 5 to 7 years old, and at which point he had to begin learning how to be a member of Egyptian High Society.
In all of this, Moses began to believe that he had been chosen to rescue the people of Israel, and one day he decided to kill an Egyptian task-master to get started.
The next day, Moses saw two Hebrews fighting and tried to intervene, only to have the person in the wrong accuse him of being a murderer. This created a scandal, and Moses ran away before a formal investigation could be made to find out if the accusation was true.
Moses wanted to see Israel set free, and he believed that he had been chosen in order to be their deliverer, but he made one mistake. There was one detail Moses overlooked.
In the book of Genesis, we were told that Abraham’s descendants would be mistreated for 400 years (see Genesis 15:13-14 ESV). The mistake that Moses made was pretty simple. Moses decided to try and rescue the people of Israel when they had been mistreated for 360 years.
So Moses ended up living in Midian for 40 years, where God kept him waiting until the amount of time God mentioned to Abraham arrived, and then God came to Moses at Mount Horeb to move him back to the place he was needed to do the right thing at the right time.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
While Moses was living in Midian, he began learning how to work with animals. This would have involved learning how to prepare fields for grazing, as well as how to provide access to water.
All of that would have to be done in addition to making sure that none of their animals wandered away. While Moses was busy doing all of this, he ended up leading his livestock to the side of a mountain known as Horeb.
Horeb is described in our English Bibles as the Mountain of God, and the Hebrew word for God used here is Elohim. Horeb is the Mountain of the Elohim, it is a place where Yahweh and the Divine Counsel of the Elohim could be found.
So one day Moses is walking by, doing his job as a shepherd, and a member of the Divine Council of the Elohim appears to him. The appearance is described for us.
There was a bush that was on fire, and standing inside of the bush was a member of the Divine Council of the Elohim. Moses saw this, and did not stop to take a closer look.
In Exodus 3:3 (ESV) we read that Moses said “I will turn aside to see this great sign, why the bush is not burned.”
The Hebrew text implies that Moses saw it, and basically said to himself “I do not have time to go look at that right now.” Then after leaving the immediate area, he changed his mind and went back.
In Exodus 3:2 ESV we are told that “the angel of the LORD” appeared in the bush. The Hebrew used here is “ma’lak YHWH.” Malak simply means messenger, and YHWH is the ruler of the Divine Council of the Elohim.
A messenger of the ruler of the Divine Council of the Elohim was there that day, but something else happened when Moses went back. We are told that Yahweh spoke to him.
Exodus 3:4 says “When Yahweh saw that he turned aside to see, Elohim called to him out of the bush…” so what exactly is happening here?
There is another visible manifestation of Yahweh who appeared to Moses that day. The invisible manifestation of Yahweh was in Heaven, and a visible manifestation of Yahweh was in the burning bush on Earth.
This visible manifestation of Yahweh is a messenger of the Divine Council of the Elohim, and he has come with a message for Moses, and Moses was so busy working with animals that Moses decided not to take time to hear the message, he just had too many other important things to do.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
The message for Moses was that the 400 years of suffering was over and God was ready to intervene on behalf of the sons of Israel. In order to accomplish his goal to rescue Israel, God needs a man on earth to stand as a representative of the Divine Council of the Elohim.
This man who represents of the Divine Council of the Elohim is going to have to fight with Lucifer and the Evil Elohim in order to accomplish God’s goal of rescuing Israel from Egypt.
When Moses hears this, his immediate response is to say no. He uses his free will to try and avoid living in agreement with God’s agenda, which is something we have seen happen before (in Genesis).
God promises his presence will be with Moses along the way, but Moses still resists, he still does not want to live in agreement with God’s agenda.
The proof that the mission that Moses is being sent on will be a success is that Moses and the Israelites will come back to this same mountain later.
The proof that Moses would succeed was provided after Moses used his free will to obey the instructions he was given. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
In order to help Moses, God shares his name with him. We have not seen God do this before, because there was no need for it.
After the Tower of Babel, Lucifer and the Evil Elohim began organizing polytheistic religions to help them fulfill their responsibilities that were given to them as members of the Divine Council of the Elohim.
When Abraham was alive, these pagan religions were just getting started, but in Moses’ lifetime they were well established in many parts of the world, including Egypt.
In Moses time, there were still some who were loyal to the stories told in Genesis chapters 1 through 11. One of these people who were loyal to the Genesis narrative was Moses’ father in law, Jethro.
In order for Moses to leave on a journey like this, he would have to ask for his father in law for permission, and Jethro agreed to let him go because he was a priest of Midian who believed in the Genesis narrative.
So God gave Moses the instructions on how they were going to leave the land of Egypt, but Moses was not told about everything that would happen when he returned.
There was no detailed explanation of the 10 Plagues, because the Pharaoh has not had a chance to use his free will to reject living in agreement with God’s plans for Israel.
God told Moses there was going to be resistance, but Moses went without knowing how God was going to overcome that resistance offered by Pharaoh and the people who were loyal to the religious culture being promoted by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
So God is going to send Moses into a fight against the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim in order to convince them to use their free will to let the sons of Israel leave the land of Egypt.
This would be a good time to explain some of the details about the Egyptian religion that the Pharaoh’s promoted. Then we will look closely at the part of the story told about Moses in Exodus 4.
(1) The Egyptian Religion
Historians and Archaeologists have done a lot of research on what the Ancient Egypt religious beliefs were, and I want to provide a basic outline of what they have learned.
The Egyptian people believed in the existence of spirits. There were three kinds of spirits. Here is a quick summary of each kind.
The Three Types of Spirits of the Egyptian Religion
(1) The first kind of spirits were known as the “gods.”
This place was held by a few members of the Evil Elohim who were loyal to Lucifer. Their job was to make decisions on Lucifer’s behalf to keep Egyptian culture under their control.
(2) The second kind of spirit were known as “messengers of the gods.”
The “messengers of the gods” were the spirits of the Nephilim (Genesis 6). Their job was to be physically present in Egyptian temples and to inhabit the idols that represented the “gods.”
In addition to that, the would also be “messengers’ carrying reports back to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim about the prayers, sacrifices and omens being offered to those who attended “worship” services.
(3) The third kind of spirit were trouble makers who caused problems for people and things that were not under the protection of the “gods.”
In the Ancient Egypt religion, there was another kind of spirit who were not worshiped in Egypt, but were feared. They were seen as potential threats to the Egyptian servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
Now let’s look at Exodus 4.
Moses was being told to go back to Egypt and pick a fight with the “gods of Egypt” and the “messengers of the gods” who were believed to be responsible for maintaining order in the land of Egypt.
In order to win the support of the people of Israel, Moses was given the power to perform signs and miracles of significance to people familiar with the Egyptian religion.
The three signs were as follows:
1) the ability to turn his staff into a serpent, 2) the ability to inflict and remove leprosy, and 3) the ability to turn the water from the Nile river into blood.
Let’s take a closer look at each of these signs.
(1) The Staff That Became A Serpent
If you go looking at Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics and inscriptions, you will find many places where the “gods” or those who represent the “gods” carried what was known as a Serpent Staff.
In the ancient Egyptian religions, the Serpent Staff meant you were on speaking terms with the spirits who ruled the world. The fact that Moses was able to turn a piece of wood into a snake was a challenge to the Egyptian priests and the Pharaoh.
According to the Ancient Egyptian religion, the Pharaoh and his priests were the only ones who had the power to create Serpent Staffs. This power was believed to be exclusive to the Egyptian priests because they were responsible for maintaining the favor of the “gods.”
(2) The Leprosy
Another thing the “gods” of Egypt were responsible for was maintaining the health and well being of the Egyptian people. Now, Moses shows up being able to inflict and remove one of the worst diseases of the time at will.
(3) Turning Water into Blood
The water of Nile River was the basis for the economy of Ancient Egypt. Every year this river overflowed and its waters replenished the soil for farming. This annual event allowed Egypt to become one of the largest exporters of food in the world.
Now Moses was given the power to destroy the abundance that the Nile River provided to Egypt and Egypt sold to the rest of the world.
These were given to Moses in order to win the support of the people of Israel, which is an important point we will come back to later.
Since Moses had to ask his father in law for permission to go back to Egypt, we should talk about his father in law, Jethro. I said earlier that Jethro believed in the Genesis narrative, and I want to revisit the idea and offer the evidence we have to support this claim.
(1) The first piece of evidence is that Jethro allowed Moses to marry one of his daughters. This was a huge deal because it meant Moses was going to be loyal to whatever God Jethro worshiped.
(2) The second piece of evidence is that Jethro gave Moses permission to return to the land of Egypt to see how the Israelites were doing. If God was going to send Moses to help them, Jethro – as a priest of God – would not tell Moses he was not allowed to go back.
(3) The third piece of evidence is found in Exodus 18:9-12 where we are told that Jethro came to meet Moses at Horeb when God was giving them the Law. Moses and Jethro shared a meal to celebrate what God had done.
(4) The fourth piece of evidence is found in Numbers 10:29, where Moses invited Jethro to go with them on their journey to Canaan. Moses wanted to share the good things God was going to do for Israel with Jethro because they all believed in the Genesis 1 through 11 narrative.
After Moses received permission to go, he ran into a problem: “At a lodging place on the way the LORD met him and sought to put him to death.” (Exodus 4:24 ESV)
Moses made a mistake. Moses married into a family that believed the Genesis 1-11 narrative, but that narrative did not require anyone to be circumcised.
Circumcision was something that was taught to Abraham, and the family Moses married into did not hold those religious convictions. The end result of this is that Moses is trying to serve God without being obedient to God.
Moses is going to obey the commands to rescue Israel, and ignore the commands about circumcising his own sons. God would rather kill Moses than allow him to live in this kind of hypocrisy.
Thankfully, Moses wife, Zipporah – who probably had a lot to say about NOT circumcising their sons – changed her mind and did it to save all of their lives.
Then Zipporah took her sons and went back to Midian, and Moses continued on his journey to Egypt with his older brother Aaron.
When Aaron and Moses arrive in Egypt, they had a meeting with the tribal elders of the sons of Israel. Aaron spoke on Moses’ behalf, and Moses performed the three signs to them.
I have shown how these three signs were deeply rooted in Egyptian religious beliefs, which should bother us. It should bother us that the people of God would need to see displays of power connected to the cultural habits that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim had introduced into Egypt.
By the time Moses came to rescue them at the end of the 400 years of suffering Abraham had been told they would endure, the people of Israel were theologically confused.
They understood they were servants of Yahweh, but they had learned how to survive in a culture where most people served Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
The sons of Israel had become so corrupt in their understanding of the Genesis narrative that the only reason they would begin to have hope for the future was is God acted in a “pagan” Egyptian way to encourage them.
This type of cultural compromise to act in ways that were recognized as displays of power according to Egyptian culture would only make the difficult circumstances of the people of Israel worse as we will soon see.
So Moses had two tasks to perform at this point. He had to rescue them from their Egyptian slavery AND help these culturally compromised people recover a true knowledge of who Yahweh is and what Yahweh wants.
Getting them out of their Egyptian slavery was easy, convincing them not to be culturally compromised like they were in Egypt turned out to be an impossible task for Moses.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches: God is acting in culturally compromised ways around the world to grow His Church.
This is why Muslims are having their objections to the Bible answered in dreams and visions, because those things are important in Islamic culture.
This is also why Divine Healing is overcoming the objections of Hindus in India, because they are taught that our world is not real, but Healing affirms the reality of pain and suffering, sickness and disease.
This is why the underground Church in China is famous for bringing the dead back to life. They live in a Communist culture that affirms there are no spiritual realities involved in our world.
Serpent Staffs in Egypt, Dreams and Visions among Muslims, Divine Healing among Hindus, and Bring the Dead Back To Life in Communist China are just tools God is using to show people who think in agreement with whatever kind of religious system Lucifer and the Evil Elohim have set up a different way of looking at the world.
This things are being done by God to help people take a familiar first step in a completely different direction. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
So what happens when people begin to respond by taking a familiar first step in a completely different direction? Let’s look at how the Egyptian people responded when the Israelites who were indoctrinated with Egyptian culture began moving in a different direction.
(1) Government Officials intervened to make their lives harder.
Pharaoh commands that the people of Israel have to collect their own resources to fulfill the tasks they were doing for the Egyptian Government.
This is what happens when you try to change the cultural habits of people who are indoctrinated by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim. There will be resistance to discourage and silence you.
The resistance offered to maintain Lucifer and the Evil Elohim’s place will make the people you are trying to help angry with you, the same way that this turn of events made the people of Israel angry with Moses and Aaron.
“They met Moses and Aaron, who were waiting for them, as they came out from and they said to them, “The LORD look on you and judge, because you have made us stink in the sight of Pharaoh and his servants, and have put a sword in their hand to kill us.” (Exodus 5:20-21 ESV)
Moses is trying to settle this in a peaceful way, and his peaceful approach allows the influence of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim to go unchallenged and unchanged.
This kind of ministry assignment is something that cannot be settled in a peaceful way that allows both sides to be shown respect.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says about evangelism.
At this point, Moses has only displayed his “signs” to the people of Israel, and made a request of Pharaoh. Next time we see Moses, he will display his signs to Pharaoh and begin making threats of a divine intervention against the Egyptian people.
When Moses returned to Egypt, he sat down with the tribal leaders of the sons of Israel, showed them his “signs” and shared a message with them.
Then the tribal leaders went to see Pharaoh without Moses, and their daily workload was increased, which made them angry with Moses, and Moses became disappointed with God.
“Then Moses turned to the LORD and said, “O Lord, why have you done evil to this people? Why did you ever send me? For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in your name, he has done evil to this people, and you have not delivered your people at all.” (Exodus 5:22-23 ESV)
We need to understand why this kind of disappointment happens in our lives. The Pharaoh had to be given a chance to use his free will to make a choice on how to handle the request that Israelites brought to him.
It is true that the Pharaoh lived in a culture dominated by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, but they are not allowed to make decisions for Pharaoh.
Pharaoh has to make his own choices, and it was after Pharaoh made a choice to live in agreement with Lucifer and the Evil Elohim on this issue that God begins working to prove that was the wrong choice.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(1) Exodus 6:1-3
Now that Pharaoh has chosen not to live in agreement with Yahweh, God begins explaining to Moses what is going to do in order to change the Pharaoh’s mind.
God begins by explaining the nature of His relationship with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. This is a very important moment for us, because God is giving us some information here that was not available to the people who lived during the events in the book of Genesis.
Let’s look at Exodus 6:2-3 and then show the Hebrew words Moses used in this passage of Scripture. Exodus 6:2-3 from the ESV says this:
“God spoke to Moses and said to him, “I am the LORD. I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by my name the LORD I did not make myself known to them.”
Here is how looks in the Hebrew text.
“God (Elohim) spoke to Moses and said to him, “I am the LORD (Yahweh). I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as God Almighty (El Shaddai) but by my name the LORD (Yahweh) I did not make myself known to them.”
If you have started with my commentary on Genesis, you should recognize some of the Hebrew words I inserted into the English text, but let’s do a quick review anyways.
(1) Elohim is a generic Hebrew term that is used for spirits.
(2) Yahweh is a special term for God that has been used a lot in Genesis, but has never been used in conversation. Moses used this term in Genesis 2 to make a distinction between Yahweh and the rest of the Elohim, we never see this name being used by Abraham or anyone else when they are speaking to God or speaking about God until now.
(3) El Shaddai is a Hebrew phrase that we do not know the exact meaning of. Most English translations of the Bible use “God Almighty” as a translation of “El Shaddai.”
We are told here that God specifically used “El Shaddai” in the lifetimes of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and so whatever it actually means, its meaning is supposed to be contrasted to the rise of the pagan religions being promoted by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
(2) Exodus 6:4-8
Let’s take a step back for a moment and look at the bigger picture. God’s goal here is to restore hope to the people of Israel. Let’s take a look at how God restores hope.
First, we see God speaking to clear up any confusion on His own identity in Exodus 6:1-3. God is sharing information about Himself, and if we want to live in agreement with God’s plans to restore hope, we need to be able to share information about Him as well.
Second, we see God speaking to clear up any confusion about what he has done in the past in Exodus 6:4-7. God is sharing information about the promises he made in the past, and if we want to live in agreement with God’s plans to restore hope, we need to be able to share information about His promises as well.
Third, we see God speaking to clear up any confusion about where we will be in the future when God keeps his promises. If we want to live in agreement with God’s plans to restore hope, we will need to be able to share information about the results of promises God has made but not yet kept.
Discipleship involves helping people learn how to do these three things for others. It is something we have to help younger, less experienced believers understand how to do for others.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(3) Exodus 6:9-30
Now I want share some bad news with you. When Moses was working and struggling to rescue the people of Israel, the people of Israel did not respond to his efforts.
There was some initial excitement about the message Moses carried, but it quickly ended when the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim intervened to make their lives harder.
The hope the people of Israel were being offered was ignored “because of their broken spirit and harsh slavery” (Exodus 6:9 ESV).
If you want to minister to others, you are going to find yourself in situations where you have to deal with broken spirits and harsh slavery that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim create in the lives of people who live in cultures where they are openly worshiped.
The more confidence you have that you can overcome these kinds of problems, the less qualified you are for the job. When Moses was chosen for a job like this, he initially refused because he had already challenged Lucifer and the Evil Elohim once and been defeated.
We need to pick leaders not on the basis of success, but on the basis of failure. Moses tried to fight against Lucifer and the Evil Elohim in Israel’s defense once and failed. That failure was the reason God chose him to be the one to rescue Israel.
All of the other tribal leaders in Israel were highly skilled in submitting to the demands made by the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, Moses was different.
Moses did not understand how to compromise, to co-exist, or to cooperate with the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, and this is why God put an outsider into a position of authority over all of the successful, powerful and well organized tribal elders who had a clearly defined chain of command and clearly defined responsibilities.
Sometimes God will allow a socially awkward cultural outsider like Moses who is not skilled in public speaking but who will not compromise end up being more important than culturally sensitive people who others find it easy to follow because they are willing to compromise.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
At this point, the elders of Israel went to Pharaoh and asked for some time off so they could go worship God, but the Pharaoh said no.
After the Pharaoh refused, God let Moses know how to respond. Moses was supposed to take Aaron with him, and go speak to the Pharaoh himself.
In Exodus 7:1 (ESV) we are told that “the LORD said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.”
Moses was told that he would be like God to Pharaoh. The word God here is Elohim, which we have seen before. Moses was allowed to become a member of the Divine Council of the Elohim.
In Genesis we saw that each member of the Elohim were assigned a certain ethnic group, and their main responsibility was to preserve the Genesis 1-11 narrative, although many of the Elohim followed Lucifer instead of Yahweh.
Since Lucifer and his Evil Elohim have over run Egypt, God appoints Moses to be in charge of the land of Egypt as long as the people of Israel were living there.
Aaron has been chosen to be a prophet who speaks as Moses’ representative. Together the two of them have authority to prove who is really in charge of the land of Egypt.
The story promoted by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim with Pharaoh’s help is going to be challenged by Yahweh and the Divine Council of the Elohim with Moses’ and Aaron’s help.
So Moses and Aaron are sent to Pharaoh with instructions to perform a miracle, and the miracle was the creation of a Serpent Staff.
When Pharaoh saw this, he called for his counselors, the pagan priests and wizards who helped him in his religious duties, and they were able to use the power they received from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim to create serpent staffs as well.
At this point in the power struggle, the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim were able to display the same kind of power that Moses did. Using their “secret arts” they did the same thing as Moses and Aaron.
The only difference is that Moses and Aaron’s serpent staffs were able to overpower the serpent staffs created by the pagan Egyptian priests.
It is true that Moses and Aaron were able to over power the pagan priests in Egypt, this does not necessarily mean we should challenge the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
God came to Moses in person and gave him permission to do this. Just because we have a stronger power on our side than they do, does not mean we have God’s permission to challenge the Evil Elohim like Moses did here.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
When Moses had finished making his request and proving that he was a servant of Yahweh and a member of the Divine Council of the Elohim, we are told that the Pharaoh used his free will to be stubborn and ignore the obvious in this situation.
(1) The First Plague Begins
When we are looking at the supernatural displays of power described here, we need to understand why God acted this way. The Bible actually tells us what God’s motive was.
In Exodus 7:14 the English Standard Version of the Bible says “Then the LORD said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hardened; he refuses to let the people go.”
The basic issue here is that God has something he wants the Pharaoh to do, and the Pharaoh refuses to live in obedience to God’s expectations.
The reason Pharaoh is being stubborn is because he knows that spirits are real, and he is a part of a religious system that believed the spirits will not do anything without him.
Into that kind of environment Moses comes claiming there is a higher power and a different reality than the one Pharaoh was given by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
In order to discourage people from trusting Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, God decides to use the Pharaoh as an example to give a warning to future generations.
By trading the life of one Egyptian who is loyal to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, God can make a record of the story to be a warning about the consequences of what is happening here.
The first warning involved the Nile River. The Nile River was the source of Egypt’s great wealth. Every year, the snow in the mountains of Southern Egypt melted and caused the Nile River to overflow.
The overflow allowed their farmland to be refreshed, and this allowed them to be the world’s largest supplier of food. People in other parts of the world who were short on food could come to Egypt because of the Nile River.
That is the first plague ruined all of the benefits the Nile River had to offer the Egyptian people. Their entire economy shut down in one day.
We are told the Nile River turned to blood. We have been told how the Egyptian people used to throw the Hebrew babies in the Nile River to die.
Now some 80 years later the Nile River has become a source of death to all of the people who believe in the pagan religions Lucifer and the Evil Elohim set up in the land of Egypt. This plague affected the Egyptians and the Hebrews in Egypt, for they all followed the Egyptian religion together.
As the Hebrews withdrew their support and involvement in the Egyptian religion set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim would they begin to be protected from the plagues.
We are told that the priests and wizards of the Egyptian religion were able to do what Moses did to the Nile River. There were other sources of water available in Egypt that the Pharaoh’s spiritual advisers were able to ruin, Moses simply ruined their most important source of water.
Since the Pharaoh has seen his spiritual advisers who communicate with Lucifer and the Evil Elohim every day were able to match the display of power Moses and Aaron made, he dismissed their concerns.
In Exodus chapter 8 we are given a description of three supernatural disasters that followed the one that happened to the Nile River.
Before we get into that, we should take a look at the bigger picture of what was happening. Here is a list of the ten plagues in the order they occurred.
The Ten Plagues
#1. The Nile River
#2. The Frogs
#3. The Gnats
#4. The Flies
#5. The Livestock
#6. The Boils
#7. The Hail
#8. The Locusts
#9. The Darkness
#10. The Death of the Firstborn
There are a few things that we need to be aware of in order to understand the meaning of these ten supernatural events.
The Pharaoh was a High Priest whose main religious duty was to make sure the Egyptian “gods” maintained order and preserved the health and well being of the Egyptian people.
Each of these supernatural events was a direct challenge to prove that the Pharaoh’s story was a lie. These supernatural events told a story different from the one being promoted in Egypt by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
Let’s take a look at how the story was different.
While we have already covered the supernatural event related to the Nile River, there is one detail we skipped that is important to understand what happens next.
In the Nile River incident, God gave instructions to Moses, but it was Aaron who obeyed the instructions and performed the supernatural event.
Moses was told that he was going to be an “Elohim” to Pharaoh and that Aaron was going to be His Prophet. So Moses was the person who received instructions from the spirit, and Aaron was the person who had to act on the instructions Moses was given.
So we have God speaking to Moses, Moses speaking to Aaron, and Aaron’s obedience allows these supernatural events to occur, but it is also true that Aaron’s disobedience allows these supernatural events to NOT occur.
Aaron still had the freedom to disobey the instructions he was given by Moses. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
With that in mind, let’s look at how the three supernatural events in Exodus chapter 8 occurred. Here is the first one.
(2) The Frogs
Frogs have the ability to absorb oxygen from water. This ability does not work when there is no oxygen, in which case the frogs would come to the surface and go looking for water.
The frogs living in the Nile River had a natural enemy, the crocodile. The crocodile would eat the frogs who lived in or around the banks of the Nile River.
This made the crocodile an important part of the scheme that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim set up in the land of Egypt. The crocodiles put there by the Egyptian “gods” to help control the frog population.
In this supernatural event, there were too many frogs.
Now let’s consider how Moses and Aaron inflicted this supernatural event on Egypt. We are told that God spoke to Moses, and Moses gave some instructions to Aaron, and when Aaron obeyed, the frogs came.
We are also told that Pharaoh’s spiritual advisers were able to summon frogs out of the Nile River as well. This should not surprise us, we already saw Lucifer and the Evil Elohim cause fire to fall out of the sky in the book of Job.
While Yahweh provides instructions to the Divine Council of the Elohim on how to preserve nature, Lucifer and the Evil Elohim can do things that influence nature as well.
In this case, the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim were cooperating with them to cause a natural disaster like the one Moses and Aaron did.
Interestingly enough, Pharaoh’s servants were not able to get rid of the frogs Moses and Aaron had summoned. Pharaoh had to ask Moses and Aaron to use their influence to get rid of the frogs they brought out of the Nile River.
So the frogs all died.
(3) The Gnats
When an animal dies, insects come to feed on the corpse. That is normal in our world, and yet we are told that something unnatural happened next.
Let’s look at the process again.
God talks to Moses, Moses gives some instructions to Aaron, and when Aaron obeys, a supernatural event occurs.
In this case, the supernatural event is that an abnormal amount of insects come to feed on the abnormal amount of dead frogs lying around the land of Egypt.
So while the crocodiles that were appointed by the Egyptian “gods” to control the frog population were not able to do their job, now the Egyptian “gods” were not able to protect the Egyptian people from the insects.
The whole point of the Egyptian religion was centered on the Pharaoh’s ability to make sure Lucifer and the Evil Elohim allowed the Egyptian people to enjoy the good life, and they are not upholding their end of the deal, they are not keeping the promises they made.
Not only that, but the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim were not able to use their influence to do what Moses and Aaron did.
Lucifer and the Evil Elohim would give people power to perform supernatural events in exchange for their loyalty, but the insects incident here is displaying a power they cannot match.
“Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, “This is the finger of God.” But Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he would not listen to them, as the LORD had said.” (Exodus 8:19 ESV)
Let’s pay attention to what the magicians said to Pharaoh: “This is the finger of God (Elohim). Pharaoh’s spiritual advisers knew who the Elohim were because they were constantly talking to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, but in all their experience they have never seen anything like what Moses and Aaron were able to do.
Notice the exact phrase they used: they said this is the finger of the Elohim.
Not the hand of the Elohim, or the arm of the Elohim, they said it was the finger of the Elohim. The finger is not one of the strongest parts of the body, but it was the term these wizards and sorcerers used to describe a supernatural power they were unable to match.
I have one final thought to share on this – this plague made the lives of the people of Israel very uncomfortable. The people of Israel had chosen to believe in the Egyptian religion promoted by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, and so they are suffering along with the Egyptians as a result.
(4) The Flies
Now Moses is sent to ask the Pharaoh to let the people of Israel go. The consequences for saying no is that another supernatural event will occur in the land of Egypt.
This supernatural event is different from the others. Three times God spoke to Moses, and Moses gave some instructions to Aaron, and Aaron’s obedience produced a supernatural event.
This time, God has given a message to Moses, and there are no instructions for Aaron to obey. This time God is acting without anyone’s obedience, after explaining what his goal is.
This time God is responding to the thoughts and intentions of Pharaoh’s heart, and only Pharaoh and the Egyptians will have their lives made uncomfortable by this supernatural event.
God shared his supernatural power on the basis of Aaron’s obedience until this moment, the moment when God is examining the thoughts and intentions of Pharaoh’s heart.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
When it became obvious that Pharaoh and the “gods” were not able to keep the promises made in the pagan Egyptian religion, Pharaoh sent a message to Moses and Aaron asking them for help in bringing the situation back under control.
In exchange for that favor, Pharaoh agrees to let the people of Israel have a few days off to go and worship in the desert, but when the flies were gone, Pharaoh decided not to keep his promise.
(5) The Livestock
God sent Moses to Pharaoh with another message. The message was to let the sons of Israel go, and disobedience would result in the death of all Egyptian owned livestock.
Let’s take a look at the impact this would have.
The first animal God mentions was in danger were the horses. This would have hurt the Egyptian army, who were famous for using horse drawn chariots.
The second animal God mentions was in danger were donkeys. This would have hurt the Egyptian economy, because donkeys were used by traders to carry things they wanted to sell.
The third animal God mentions was in danger were camels. This would affect the Egyptian economy the same way losing donkeys would.
The fourth animal were herds, which includes cattle. Cattle were a part of the Egyptian religion. They had a sacred cow that people could come and ask for advice. Whenever this sacred cow died, they would have a nation wide time of mourning until a new sacred cow could be found.
The irony here is that God killed the sacred cow and all of the other cows who could have been chosen to take its place at the same time. In order to keep this religious custom alive, the Egyptians would have to obtain a cow from the Israelites.
The livestock owned by the Israelites were all spared, so in order to get these aspects of their economy and culture running again, they had to buy the livestock they needed from the people of Israel – the “gods” of Egypt were not able to maintain the cultural habits set up and endorsed by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
Yet Pharaoh abuses his free will and refuses to submit to God.
We should also notice how this supernatural event occurred. Moses was told to give a warning, but aside from that there was no act of obedience required of Aaron this time. Aside from the need for Moses to speak as a messenger to deliver a warning, God is acting alone to cause this disaster.
With some of the other plagues, there were three parts: 1) God talks to Moses, 2) Moses commands Aaron, 3) Aaron obeys Moses.
This time there were only two parts: 1) God speaks to Moses, and 2) God acts alone. (Aaron was left out this time).
This time God spoke to Moses and Aaron, but the message they received left no instructions for Aaron to follow. Moses was told to take some ashes and thrown them in the air, and that would cause boils to break out on people and animals.
All of the animals who died in the fifth plague had already been replaced by the Egyptians, only to become sick again. In addition to that, Pharaoh’s spiritual advisers who were constantly in touch with Lucifer and the Evil Elohim were not able to protect themselves with their witchcraft.
Yet Pharaoh abuses his free will and refused to submit to God.
(7) The Hail
Once again Moses is sent to Pharaoh with the same message as before, but this time God explains that Pharaoh is being used as an example of what happens when you choose to serve Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
When the hail storm came, it destroyed the flax and the barley crops.
The flax was used to make linen cloth, which was some thing the Egyptian priests who served as Pharaoh’s spiritual advisers would wear. The Egyptian “gods” were not able to provide the clothing their servants were supposed to wear all the time.
That is how much authority the God of Israel had over the “gods” that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim had set up to control the Egyptian people.
In addition to that, the barley harvest was affected by the hail storm. Barley was commonly used to feed animals, and the destruction of the barley harvest meant their animals were in danger of dying from hunger.
At the end of Genesis, we are told that Joseph set up a system that allowed the Pharaoh to own everything of value in the land of Egypt.
The Pharaoh’s legal ownership of everything was still a part of Egyptian culture at this time. The hail storm forced Pharaoh to buy flax and barley from traveling merchants in order to maintain the same standard of living they had before the plagues began.
This meant that amount of gold and silver Pharaoh had was being spent in large amounts on a regular basis to keep Egypt looking as successful and wealthy as it had been in the past.
It was at this point that public opinion began to turn against the Pharaoh.
When this plague was announced by Moses, he gave a specific time that it would begin, and the Bible tells us how people responded to the news.
“Then whoever feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh hurried his slaves and his livestock into the houses, but whoever did not pay attention to the word of the LORD left his slaves and his livestock in the field.” (Exodus 9:20-21 ESV)
So some Egyptians took the warning seriously and others did not. The ones who did were able to protect the financial resources the Pharaoh owned, and those who did not lost all of the financial resources they over saw for the Pharaoh.
This time, the Pharaoh admitted he had sinned, but as soon as the hail storm stopped, the Pharaoh became stubborn again.
(8) The Locusts
God sent Moses and Aaron back to Pharaoh with the same request they have made before each supernatural event took place, and just like before Pharaoh did not want to live in agreement with the God of Israel.
So God sent a locust plague and the end result was that all of their fruit trees and their wheat harvest were destroyed. The Egyptian people had lost their entire food supply. They had been the main exporters of food, but now they were going to have to start importing food if they wanted to survive.
When the threat of a Locust plague was made, the Egyptian people spoke to Pharaoh and said “How long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God. Do you not yet understand that Egypt is ruined?” (Exodus 10:7 ESV)
This plague ended with Pharaoh saying “I have sinned against the LORD your God, and against you. Now therefore, forgive my sin, please, only this once, and plead with the LORD your God only to remove this death from me.” (Exodus 10:16-17 ESV)
So let’s consider why Pharaoh changed his mind. Did the Pharaoh say this because he had a guilty conscience? No, the reason Pharaoh changed his mind here is because his servants kept putting pressure on him to stop being so stubborn (see Exodus 10:7 above).
God is using public opinion to put pressure on Pharaoh without the Pharaoh having a guilty conscience or a broken heart. The Pharaoh had been told more than once what the right thing to do is, and he still did not understand what was expected of him.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the churches.
Before we move on, let’s take a look at how the locust plague occurred. In order for this to happen, Moses was told to “stretch out your hand” in Exodus 10:12.
We have seen this before. Sometimes a person living in our world has to make a very specific movement in order to release supernatural power.
I have tried to highlight these as they appeared in the Exodus story, but here is a quick review for you.
The Nile River turned to blood because Aaron took his staff and stretched his hand in Exodus 7:10. The frogs came because Aaron stretched out his hand with his staff in Exodus 8:5. The gnats came because Aaron stretched out his staff and hit the ground with it in Exodus 8:16.
The flies came without a human action occurring, according to Exodus 8:24. The death of the livestock came without a human action occurring, according to Exodus 9:4.
The boils came because Moses threw some ashes in the air, according to Exodus 9:8. The hail storm came because Moses stretched out his staff to the sky, according to Exodus 9:22-23.
The locust came because Moses stretched out the staff in his hand, according to Exodus 10:12-13. The ninth plague was darkness, and it came when Moses stretched out his hand to heaven, according to Exodus 10:21.
So what exactly does this mean?
This goes back to the existence of the Divine Council of the Elohim. The members of the Divine Council of the Elohim are not all knowing spirits like Yahweh is, and they need signs in order to know when it is time for them to fulfill their responsibilities to us.
The spirits of the Divine Council of the Elohim are servants of Yahweh who try to work in agreement with mankind. This was the plan for the Garden of Eden: Mankind and the Elohim were work together to accomplish Yahweh’s of the Elohim’s goals.
The plagues follow that pattern. God tells the Divine Council of the Elohim they need to be ready to bring a locust plague into the land of Egypt, and they told that they will see Moses behaving a certain way when it is time to release the locust swarm.
Then Yahweh comes and talks to Moses, telling him what kind of behavior the Divine Council of the Elohim is looking for, and all Moses has to do is obey the instructions he was given by God.
Moses’ obedience here is a “sign” to let the Divine Council of the Elohim know the right time to do their part in accomplishing the goals God sets for them. So Mankind and the Divine Council can still operate on the principles God ordained for Adam to follow in the Garden of Eden.
Of course, there are some exceptions. Sometimes God takes action directly, which is why we see some plagues happening without Moses or Aaron doing anything (besides giving a verbal warning to Pharaoh).
However, most of the time, supernatural events occur when people are obedient to the instructions the Divine Council of the Elohim were told to watch for. This allows them to provide supernatural displays of power in response to our agreement and submission to God’s sense of timing.
This is why prayers sometimes go unanswered. We are asking for one thing, when the Divine Council of the Elohim was told by God to be in a position to give us a different thing, which is many times why nothing changes in our lives. God spoke and told us what we should ask for, but we were not listening to Him.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(9) The Darkness
The Egyptian religion had a belief that the Pharaoh’s were responsible for making sure the sun rose in the morning and set in the evening. In order to make sure that happened, the Pharaoh (or someone representing the Pharaoh) would enter the temple of Ra with an offering every day.
The ninth plague disrupted that belief. The religious system that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim set up for the average Egyptian to follow was proven to be disrupted by a higher power.
The God of the Genesis narrative was able to control what the “gods” of the Egyptian narrative were supposed to have under their direct control.
This plague of darkness finally won Pharaoh’s submission for a moment. Pharaoh could not bear the thought that the religious ritual made in the Temple of Ra could not allow light to return to the land of Egypt.
In order to protect his own reputation, he sent a message to Moses and Aaron saying he wanted to meet them. In the meeting the Pharaoh agreed to let them go worship Yahweh without their children and their livestock.
Moses turned that offer down, and Pharaoh was so angry at being humiliated like this, he threw Moses and Aaron out and told the guards not to let them back in the palace anymore.
Exodus 11 and 12
“…one plague more I will bring upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt. Afterward he will let you from here. When he lets you go, he will drive you away completely.” (Exodus 11:1 ESV)
(10) The Death of the Firstborn
In Egyptian culture, the Pharaoh’s main responsibility was to maintain order in a way that promotes the well being of the Egyptian people.
This was the benefit offered for being loyal to the cultural habits set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim. However, there have been nine incidents lately where the benefits were denied to the people of Egypt.
Now a tenth incident is coming that will cause the death of the most important member of every family in the land of Egypt. The Pharaoh was supposed to be the person closest to the Egyptian “gods” and the death of the firstborn means the Pharaoh was not able to use his position to make sure he had an heir to the throne.
This is what finally broke the Pharaoh’s abuse of his own free will.
So Pharaoh gave the order for the people of Israel to leave the land of Egypt for good. Now as far we can tell, the people of Israel made up about 20% of the people living in Egypt at that time.
Imagine what would happen if 20% of the people living in your area just quit their jobs and left town overnight. This is should help you understand why the Pharaoh changed his mind and came with his army to bring them back later.
At this point, the emphasis on Egypt ends, but another problem begins to emerge in the story, which Moses wants us to focus on next.
God’s Next Challenge
The death of every firstborn in the land of Egypt was the final judgment God had to make in order to rescue Israel. God wanted the people of Israel to have their own land and for them to have their own culture.
That is no small task.
The people of Israel had learned Egyptian agriculture, Egyptian craftsmanship (brick-making), Egyptian architecture as well as the Egyptian language. They ate Egyptian food and also understood Egyptian high society from talking to Pharaoh about work projects.
Then there is the matter of the daily public Egyptian religious ceremonies to stay in touch with Lucifer and the Evil Elohim. God was planning on making sure they never had to be associated with any of that anymore.
This really was no small task.
So how did God begin working to create a new culture for the people of Israel to replace all of their Egyptian cultural habits?
(1) God gave them a new calendar.
“This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you.” (Exodus 12:2 ESV)
The new calendar had 12 months in it, each month had 30 days in it and a new day would begin every time the sun sets. Those are the basics of how the new Hebrew calendar works.
This new calendar had a series of “Holy Days” marked on it which we will deal in more detail later. The first two we have already seen. They are called Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
(2) The Passover Celebration
In Exodus 12:3-6 we read this in the English Standard Version:
“Tell the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their father’s household…and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.”
Since we are at the point in the story where the first Passover took place, we should consider the implications of some of the details of this story, and why they are important to the church today.
(1) The Blood on the Doorposts
The people of Israel were told to put the blood of a lamb on the door of the house(s) where the Israelites lived. The significance of this detail points back to the existence of the Divine Council of the Elohim and how the plagues were performed.
In most of the plagues, Moses (or Aaron) were told to perform a certain kind of action (like throwing down a staff to turn it into a serpent) and when they obeyed, something supernatural happened around them.
Let me explain how this worked. God would tell the members of the Divine Council of the Elohim to be ready to send a plague to Egypt when they saw Moses or Aaron do something.
Let me use the locust plague as an example. God set a goal for the locust plague to occur in Egypt, and the Divine Council of the Elohim had to obey and go gather the locusts, when they saw Moses behave a certain way in obedience to God’s instructions as well.
Now with the Death of the Firstborn at the Passover, we are seeing the same kind of thing happen. God has come down, but the blood on the doorposts was a physical “sign” to the members of the Divine Council of the Elohim to show who should live and who should die.
God already knew where all the people of Israel were, but the members of the Divine Council of the Elohim who were coming with Him to the land of Egypt were not so all knowing, and they needed something visible in our world to guide them.
So when God set the goal to kill every firstborn in the land of Egypt, the blood was a “sign” or signal to help the Divine Council know who should live and who should die when they attacked the land of Egypt in obedience to God’s command(s).
This kind of strategy would allow the arrangement that existed in the Garden between Yahweh of the Elohim, the Divine Council of the Elohim, and Mankind to continue with Israel.
(2) The Passover Meal
The Passover meal was to be prepared with fire and served with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. Each aspect of this is important for the Church today.
Cooking with Fire
Let’s start with the fire. The people of Israel were told not to boil their meat in water. Putting meat directly over a fire was a lot faster, and required less work to clean up because you did not have to dispose of the water when you were done.
Using a fire without boiling water means the only thing you would leave behind when the Pharaoh said to leave immediately would be the ashes of the fire you used to cook with.
Let’s consider what this means for the Church. The Church today has to make compromises with an unbelieving world. We have to share common cultural habits with others who do not see the world from our point of view.
There will be times when we are told to “leave immediately” and we need to be ready to go when those moments happen. God wants us to be prepared in advance to move on when the order to leave comes.
The Unleavened Bread
Leaven is a fancy word for the yeast that causes bread to rise when a piece of rough dough is put into an oven. Adding leaven to bread increases the amount of time it takes to bake the bread.
So once again, the people of Israel were fixing a meal that would allow them to leave the moment Pharaoh decided to let them go. There is a sense of urgency here.
The people of Israel do not have time to waste baking bread the way the Egyptians did. The Church does not have time to waste on all the cultural habits of a non Christian world.
The Bitter Herbs
There was one part of the meal designed to bring tears to your eyes. This part was meant to be a reminder of the old life in Egypt.
For the Church, this means we need to remember where we came from. Do you remember what your old life was like before you met the Lord?
While I very strongly believe in the pursuit of holiness and righteousness, we are not supposed to forget or live in denial about our unholiness and unrighteousness before we were redeemed by God.
It is good for us to remember clearly who we USED TO BE before we were redeemed by God. It is okay to eat these “bitter herbs” stored in our memories about how we used to live our lives.
The Place For The Passover Meal
We should also notice where the Passover meal should take place: in the home. It is a father’s responsibility to make sure that his children understand the significance of the Bible’s story.
In traditional Western Churches, it is the Pastor’s responsibility to make sure that everyone has a place outside of the home where they can come and hear the Bible’s story.
I want Fathers in the home to replace “Pastors” in the traditional Western Church environment, which is why I am taking the time to share all of this information online for free. I want to give Pastors in the home a chance to be as well informed as seminary trained Western “Pastors.”
(1) The Exodus
“When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near…” (Exodus 13:17 ESV)
The Israelites were originally shepherds, which means they needed access to water and lots of green grass, so it should be obvious by looking at this map below where the land of Goshen was.
We are told the land of the Philistines was near Goshen, and on this map there is one Philistine city marked. Its name is Gaza, and you can see it on the north east corner of the map.
So instead of leading the people of Israel northeast to the land of the Philistines, they traveled southeast into the Sinai area asking the Egyptian people they passed along the way for anything and everything they wanted to take with them (See Exodus 3:21-22 and Exodus 12:35-36).
Now they have their freedom, we should stop to consider how that fits into the bigger picture of what is happening here. God’s goal was not to give Israel their freedom, it was to create a new culture for them.
This new culture was defined by the Passover event.
Their new culture had a calendar whose first month of the year was determined by the Passover.
They were also supposed to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which occurred during the first month of their new calendar and lasted a week.
They were also supposed to dedicate their firstborn sons who survived the plague to the Lord. (This is mentioned here and will become important to some different parts of the story later).
(2) The Exodus Route
(3) The Cloud by Day and Pillar of Fire by Night Appears
When the people of Israel were given permission to leave, God appeared in a cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night to be their guide, this was a sign of God’s presence and God’s goals.
God’s presence will always be obvious when we are living in agreement with God’s goals. However, we should recognize that God had two goals at this point.
God’s goals for Israel were simple: 1) to have Israel leave the land of Egypt for Canaan, and 2) to have Israel stop following Egyptian culture and begin developing a culture of their own.
Now that Israel has permission to leave Egypt, we are going to see how far they got in leaving Egyptian culture behind as they began following God.
(1) The Egyptian Pursuit
When the Israelites began leaving their homes and cities, they had to pass through on roads that had military outposts set up wherever water was available.
While they were traveling the commanders at these military outposts would have sent reports to the Pharaoh about what the Israelites were doing.
The contents of the reports being sent to the Pharaoh should be obvious when we read what Pharaoh said about Israel’s journey to the Gulf of Aqaba on the Sinai peninsula:
The Bible says “They are wandering in the land, the wilderness has shut them in.” (Exodus 14:3 ESV)
So the Pharaoh gathered his army and planned to bring Israel back by force, but God had a different plan.
(2) The Israelites Escape
The people of Israel were not happy when they looked back and saw the Egyptian Army coming in behind them. They began complaining to Moses about this turn of events.
So let’s examine what the Israelites thought of Moses. If you ask a Jewish rabbi if they think highly of Moses, they will probably say yes, but the modern day rabbi has a different opinion of Moses than the Israelites who lived in and left Egypt.
In order to survive in Egypt, there were a lot of things that the Israelites had to learn to do in order to co-exist with the Egyptians who followed the religious system set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
Part of that religious system involved have Priests who were responsible for maintaining the health and well being of the Egyptian people. Now that the Israelites are being chased by Pharaoh’s armies, they turn to the one person who has proven himself to be a “priest” and complain about how the Egyptians are coming to violate the health and well being of Israel.
The point here is that replacing the cultural habits people have when they are a part of a religious system set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim cannot be changed or broken easily.
These things take time.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
God explains his plan to Moses, and Moses obeys the instructions he was given, and Israel realized that all the good things God intended to give them would be delivered by Moses.
Once again we see God using methods to interact with Israel that would have been understood by people who were indoctrinated by the religious system set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim to keep the Egyptians under their control.
(1) The Song of Moses
Now that the Pharaoh and his army are gone, the people of Israel begin to celebrate. The “song” they sang was a form of poetry used to record important events.
Most of these events involved a King defeating his enemies, and that raises a question. The question is this – does God find pleasure in seeing people die the way Pharaoh and his army died?
The answer is no. We have to remember that Israel had been indoctrinated into a culture dominated by a religious system set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
The people of Israel were responding to the death of their enemies the way Egyptian culture of that time considered appropriate. This kind of thing is still being done in many local American and European Churches who promote patriotism.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(2) The Bitter Waters
When the threat of Pharaoh’s army was gone, the people of Israel traveled for 3 days and arrived at a source of water they could not drink from.
The water they had brought with them from Egypt was gone, and they had nothing they could use to replace it. The fact that they became angry with Moses is another sign of how indoctrinated into Egyptian culture the people of Israel were.
In Egypt, the Pharaoh was responsible for making sure things like this do not happen, but now Israel is holding Moses responsible for the things the Pharaoh would have done in Egypt.
The people of Israel were following God and Moses to the place where God was going to keep all of his promises, but they made the journey without understanding or enjoying the benefits of the love of God.
They made the entire trip under the influence of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(3) Exodus 15:25-26
When the Israelites reached the first place they could refill their water containers, they were told that they were being tested.
“…There the LORD made for them a statute and a rule, and there he tested them, saying, “If you will diligently listen to the voice of the LORD your God, and do that which is right in his eyes, and give ear to his commandments and keep all his statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you that I put on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, your healer.” (Exodus 15:25-26 ESV)
So let’s examine the exact nature of the test being given here.
They were told to “diligently listen to the voice of the LORD your God” and the Hebrew phrase here says the one they should listen to is “Yahweh (your) Elohim.”
This should point them (and us) back to the fact that the spirits of the “elohim” have become divided into three groups. The three groups are as follows:
- Yahweh of the Elohim
- The Divine Council of the Elohim
- Lucifer and the Evil Elohim
The test that Israel is given involves LISTENING AND OBEYING Yahweh of the Elohim. During the time they spent in Egypt, Israel had been brought very low by the culture set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
Yahweh of the Elohim had something better for them, but before they could enjoy it they needed to become free from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim’s influence.
Will the people God rescued from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim remain loyal to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim culturally?
This is the whole point of discipleship – to help younger, less experienced people recognize the parts of their lives that being influenced by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim and teach them the discipline required to make different choices in those areas.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
The stories we have about Israel explain all of the problems we can have when we are working to help people escape the influence of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
“Now these things happened to them as an example, but they were written down for our instruction, on whom the end of the ages has come.” (1 Corinthians 10:11 ESV)
(1) The Second Test
At the end of Exodus 15, we were told the people of Israel traveled 3 days to a place where the local water supply was undrinkable salt water, and God told them they were being tested.
These tests always involve two things: 1) our understanding of God’s character, and 2) the application of God’s character to the ordinary moments of life (which will sometimes require us to say I do not know. Saying I do not know is an acceptable answer to reconcile God’s character with pain and suffering).
Now we are shown Israel’s second test. The Israelites left Egypt at Passover, which took place on the 14th day of the first month on their new calendar, now the second test occurred 30 days later on the 15 day of the second month.
The first test occurred because the water supply they brought with them from Egypt ran out, the second test occurred when the food supply they brought with them from Egypt ran out.
“And the whole congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness, and the people of Israel said to them, “Would that we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat pots and ate bread to the full, for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.” (Exodus 16:2-3 ESV)
God had led them to the point where there was nothing they could do to obtain food and water and the people God rescued accused him of being no different than Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
Remember, Egyptian culture celebrated the way the “gods” would allow their followers to maintain order by encouraging self confidence and self esteem as the key to survive in this world.
Now God is trying to introduce Israel to a new culture based on self denial as the key to surviving in the world instead of human potential.
In the land of Egypt, the people of Israel would have to work hard every day for the “meat pots and bread”, now God wants to introduce a way to have meat and bread without any hard work.
Recognizing this would require each one of the people of Israel to communicate with God directly about his plans to provide for their needs, while the Egyptian system would have simply demanded answers from Moses and Aaron.
“And the whole congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness…” (Exodus 16:2 ESV)
Since everyone was still indoctrinated into Egyptian culture, God did something that an Egyptian would be able to understand and He explained the solution to Moses and Aaron.
God did not have time to wait for Israel to understand his desire to personally communicate with each of them before he shared the details of his plan, because most of them would have starved to death before they understood God’s goal and became skilled in listening to God speak.
(2) The Manna and the Quail
In order to help each one of the Israelites survive long enough in the desert to discover how to improve their ability to hear God speak, God provided manna in the morning to give them energy for their daily tasks of taking care of the animals they brought with them.
Then at night, God would provide quail meat. The meat contained nutrients that would allow their muscles to recover from the strain of their daily tasks while they were asleep.
So every day the people of Israel had to get up in the morning, walk outside and gather enough food to help them survive physically until they were able to learn how to communicate with God directly.
So Israel was saved from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, they took the manna and the quail, they even saw the cloud by day and the fire by night clearly enough to follow it, but they never learned how to listen to God’s voice.
So the Church can be saved from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, we can take all the daily provisions for our physical needs, and even see God clearly enough to know when and how to gather in large groups, without learning how to listen to God’s voice.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the churches.
So God began providing food for the people he had rescued, and this provision showed some of them were not living in agreement with God’s agenda.
They had been told by Moses not to take more than they needed but there were some who did not listen (see Exodus 16:19-20). When the Sabbath day came, they also disobeyed Moses instructions (see Exodus 16:26-27).
(1) The Water From The Rock
They continued on their journey, and things were moving forward until they ran out of water again. The lack of water caused the cultural habits they learned from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim to return and hurt their leader, Moses.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
God’s answer to their need was to create a river in the desert. The people had reached the mountain where Moses had been earlier (in Exodus 4) and they were going to be staying there while Moses went up the mountain alone.
This river would also provide all the water they needed when they camped out at the base of the mountain and began working on the Tabernacle.
(2) The War With The Amalekites
So Moses and the people of Israel arrived at the place where they would be taught some new cultural habits to replace the ones they had learned from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim in the land of Egypt.
While they were there the Amalekites, a group of people who were loyal to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, came and tried to kill as many of them as possible.
So Moses being 80 years old told his personal attendant (Joshua) to get the army ready and lead them into battle. This particular battle was not started by Israel, they were simply acting in self defense.
We are told that Moses had to hold up his staff in order for the people to win, and when he lowered his hands, Joshua began to lose the battle.
This points us back to the three parts of the Kingdom I mentioned in Genesis: Yahweh of the Elohim, The Divine Council of the Elohim, and Mankind (which in this case is simply Moses).
So God had commanded Israel to fight in self defense, but the Divine Council of the Elohim was told to help them as long as Moses held up his hands.
The position of Moses’ hands were a physical sign in our world that the invisible spiritual realities of the Divine Council of the Elohim were looking at as a guide on how and when to make decisions on their own responsibilities in this crisis.
Moses needed help fulfilling his role in this crisis, and two people came and held up his hands for him. Moses did not have the strength to get the job done on his own, but the support of the Divine Council was not based on Moses’ strength.
The physical sign was that Moses hands would be up, but there was nothing saying that his hands needed to be held up by himself, others could come and do that for him without losing the Divine Council’s support.
He who has an ear let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
When the battle was over, the Amalekites ran away from the fight they started and Israel had mercy on them and let them go. However, their loyalty to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim carried a high price for the Amalekites: Yahweh of the Elohim gave the Divine Counsel of the Elohim a decree that Moses wrote down for us:
“Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book and recite it in the ears of Joshua, that I will utterly blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven…The LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.” (Exodus 17:14-16 ESV)
Now that Moses has returned to where he had lived as Jethro’s son in law for 40 years, Jethro came to see him. While they were there, Jethro saw how everyone who came out of Egypt was using what could be called the Moses model of ministry, where Moses was their only spiritual counselor.
Jethro understood this was a really bad idea, and recommended picking men of outstanding character to reduce the amount of number of people who Moses was personally responsible for.
This would be a good time to understand how the people of Israel were organized. How did they live in community with each other?
Their Social Structure
In Egypt they had a patriarchal system, and it had developed the following way, let me outline it for you before we look at Jethro’s advice.
Israel (Jacob) was the Patriarch of the Nation. The twelve sons of Jacob were patriarchs of the 12 tribes. The sons who were born to each of the twelve sons of Jacob were known as clans and within each clan there were family groups of close blood relatives known as households.
This social structure was maintained in Egypt by a man known as a Prince, and there were 12 Princes (one for each tribe). Jethro was looking at this, and suggested that Moses make some changes.
Jethro recommended letting the “Princes” be in charge of developing systems to distribute water and take care of the animals, providing food for them and things like that. (This group of princes were hereditary, you had to be born into one of those positions).
Jethro also encouraged Moses to organize another group that was not hereditary. The membership in this group was voluntary, and could only be gained by “able men from all the people, men who fear God, who are trustworthy and hate a bribe.” (Exodus 18:21 ESV)
This second group was responsible for answering questions about the new cultural habits God wanted the people of Israel to replace the lifestyle they developed in Egypt.
Moses followed Jethro’s advice. The 12 Princes of Israel continued to handle the administrative tasks, while the second group handled the spiritual tasks of embracing a new culture.
Now we can begin to look at the official introduction of a new culture.
The Bible tells us that Israel arrived at the mountain where Moses first met the LORD on the third new moon (see Exodus 19:1). In case you do not know, that means three months on the Hebrew calendar have passed since they were given permission to leave Egypt.
When they returned, God spoke to Moses from the top of the mountain and here is what he said:
“Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel: You yourselves have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself. Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine; and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ (Exodus 19:3-6 ESV)
So let’s examine this closely.
(1) You Yourself Have Seen
The Bible gives us census records for the generation that came out of Egypt, to let us know how many people were rescued from the religious system that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim built around the Pharaoh.
This means that the author, Moses is making an appeal to the eye witness testimony of everyone who was alive when the census took place, instead of making an appeal on the basis of an experience he had with some mind altering drug or something like that.
God has told them they saw what was done to the Egyptians, this is an appeal to history, and should be investigated accordingly.
(2) Israel’s Obligation To God
Israel was told they needed to learn how to use their free will to make choices that God wanted. The expectation is that Israel would use their free will to live in agreement with God’s agenda.
God is going to speak to them personally, and when they hear his voice they are expected to do what He wants to have done.
(3) Israel’s Reward From God
In exchange for their obedience, Yahweh of the Elohim God is going to do three things: He will make them a holy nation, a kingdom of priests, and a treasured possession. So let’s examine what these actually mean.
First, they will be a holy nation. This is meant to remind us of the promises made to Abraham, for God is looking back at the time when Abraham was alive on the earth.
Second, they will be a kingdom of priests. This is meant to remind us of what happened when Moses was alive on the earth and God used him to introduce a new culture for Israel to replace what they had when they lived in agreement with Lucifer and the Evil Elohim in Egypt.
Third, they will be his “treasured possession.” The exact Hebrew word used here is a feminine passive participle of an unused root meaning. In order words, we have no idea what it actually means.
When Bible scholars were translating this into English, they had no way of interpreting the meaning of the word Moses used here, so they made something up and started using the phrase “treasured possession.”
This Hebrew word that we do not know how to translate reflects the thoughts of God when he looks to the future, and we will only know what it actually means when God is reunited with Israel.
(4) The Mount Sinai Meeting(s)
Moses was told to set up a barricade around the base of the mountain where God had appeared to Israel, and when that was done, God began explaining his cultural standards and expectations.
When God begins explaining his cultural standards, he starts by offering a summary that is commonly called the Ten Commandments. Also, these are known in the Bible as the Ten Words, not the Ten Commandments.
(1) The First Word
The first one says “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me.” (Exodus 20:2-3 ESV)
This one sets the standard for all of the others that follow. The people of Israel had been living in Egypt and they had learned how to be servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, but that is no longer the case.
To these people who had been indoctrinated into a culture set up and maintained by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, God says I am Yahweh your Elohim…you shall have no other Elohim besides me.
This is the first time we see God calling for monotheism in the Bible, it is mentioned to a people coming out of a polytheistic culture set up in Egypt.
We should notice what this claim is based on – “I brought you out” – and that raises an important question where you brought out? What exactly have you left behind?
This is not a question of freedom versus slavery. The real question here is whose slave are you? The people who were in Egypt used to be slaves to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, but now they are under new management.
(2) The Second Word
The Second Word involves making images to represent Yahweh. These people had been living in a culture where using animals to represent the gods of Egypt, and this cultural habit will never be able to present an accurate description of who God is.
This word carries a penalty – the choices made on this issue will affect the future generations of the people God rescued from Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
(3) The Third Word
The Third Word teaches the people who were indoctrinated with Egyptian culture dominated by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim to show respect to the LORD your God (“Yahweh your Elohim”).
God is supposed to be seen as a King, and is always to be treated according to the social customs that were normally reserved for human kings (like the Pharaoh in Egypt).
(4) The Fourth Word
The fourth Word is a command to observe the Sabbath Day. While they were living in Egypt the people of Israel were not allowed to have a day off.
They had to work all day, every day doing whatever the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim wanted. This Word allows Israel to return to the Sabbath Day of the Genesis narrative, and they were allowed to have six days to provide for their own needs.
(5) The Fifth Word
The Fifth Word is to show honor to your Father and Mother. The reason for this is that these two people have been watching us our whole lives, and they have more experience surviving in this world. They can see mistakes you make easier than you do, and God wants you to use this to your advantage.
(6) The Sixth Word
The Sixth Word was given because Israel was not supposed to use violence to solve their problems. Lucifer and the Evil Elohim encouraged the use of violence in a way that makes life cheap, and God intends Israel to be different.
(7) The Seventh Word
The Seventh Word was given to uphold the importance of the marriage relationship. Lucifer and the Evil Elohim encouraged immorality as an acceptable cultural habit.
(8) The Eighth Word
The Eighth Word forbids stealing. This Word was given because Lucifer and the Evil Elohim had been creating cultures where people are allowed to take anything they want and they would kill anyone who tried to stop them.
(9) The Ninth Word
The Ninth Word forbids lying. Lucifer and the Evil Elohim had been creating cultures where people are allowed to say anything to strangers and foreigners.
(10) The Tenth Word
The Tenth Word forbids coveting. This means we should not think our lives would be better if we had something that belonged to someone else. Lucifer and the Evil Elohim encouraged that way of thinking.
The people who were at the base of the mountain had been living in Egypt where they were discriminated against by the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
A part of that discrimination was that they would never be allowed access to the Egyptian “gods,” but now they have access to Yahweh their Elohim and they are terrified by His Presence.
These people who had learned how to make compromises to co exist with the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim are intimidated by Yahweh’s presence, and they want Moses to speak for God so they will not have to listen to God themselves.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says.
Everything that we will see from this point on are messages given to Moses privately while the people of Israel were living at the bottom of the mountain.
The first message is found in Exodus 20:22-26.
God tells them that “you have seen for yourselves that I talked with you from heaven” directly, which is something that would never have happened back in Egypt. The “gods” of Egypt only dealt with their servants (the priests) and avoided dealing with people directly in the religious system set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
In the Egyptian religion, there were statues made of gold and silver which were set up in temples to mark the place where the “god” lived.
Lucifer and the Evil Elohim could only be in one place at one time. In order to compensate for that, they would pick a single spirit to live in each Egyptian temple permanently, while other spirits were assigned the responsibility of being messengers carrying reports between the temples and the gods.
Moses was told not to let the people think that way. The people of Israel did not need to talk to a human priest, who would talk to a spirit living in a golden statue, that would send a different spirit to deliver the message, and then come back with the response that the human priest would deliver.
In other words, the Egyptian “gods” could hear anything said by the priests who were standing in front of their golden statues, but Yahweh could hear anything said anywhere in the world.
In order to remind people of this distinction the people of Israel who had been indoctrinated while living in Egypt were told things are different now.
(1) Exodus 20:24-26
God gave Moses instructions on how to build altars. In the Egyptian religion set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim there was no need for the kind of altars or sacrifices mentioned here. I will explain more when we get to Leviticus.
There are two details mentioned here we should consider the meaning of. The first detail is that Moses was told not to use iron tools to change the appearance of stones.
In the Egyptian religion, they would use iron tools to engrave their language into stone, usually making comments that gave Pharaoh credit for the religious ceremonies that took place. In Israel, there was no one who deserved that much credit.
They were also told that they were not allowed to use stairs to approach an altar. There are two sides to this.
The first thing is that this would allow some people to look down on on others, like the Pharaoh looked down on Israel. The second thing is that the people downstairs might look up and see under the robes of those who were standing above them.
(2) Slavery (Exodus 21:1-11)
Lucifer and the Evil Elohim had been going around creating cultures where the strong take advantage of the weak, and slavery was one of the results.
So when a Hebrew (see Exodus 21:2) ended up in slavery to the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, God expected the people of Israel to go buy him (or her) back, and then God gave some guidelines on how the person being rescued could pay off their debt.
(3) Murder and Other Violent Crimes (Exodus 21:12-32)
The first thing to notice here is that people are not basically good.
God does not believe that the people he rescued from Egypt can live in community without conflicts happening on a regular basis and begins explaining how to resolve the inevitable problems.
The explanations given cover murder, accidental death, kidnapping, injuring pregnant women, and injuring or killing slaves who are working to pay off their debt after being rescued from the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
(4) Animal Owner’s Rights And Responsibilities (Exodus 21:33-36)
God also explains how to handle the problems that arise when animals die or engage in violent behavior that causes the death of other animals.
(1) Exodus 22:1-4
God’s perspective on human nature recognizes that even the people he rescued from Egypt were not above stealing from each other, and explained how to settle disagreements.
If an animal is stolen and killed, then God expects the situation to be resolved like this: in order to calm the anger of the person who had been stolen from, the criminal would have to pay four to five times the value of what was stolen.
In order to pay four or five times the value back, the criminal could sell himself into slavery and then work off the debt. This prevents God from being upset with us.
If a home owner wakes up in the middle of the night and finds someone is in his home who should not be there, and in the confusion kills him or her, the homeowner will not be guilty of murder.
If the criminal steals an animal and does not kill it, then he will have to repay the victim with two animals to calm his anger.
In cultures dominated by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, the criminal is not required to offer any compensation to the victim.
(2) Exodus 22:5
The people of Israel were farmers and ranchers. This required a lot of natural resources like grass and water. These natural resources were available in limited amounts, and had to be carefully supervised.
God recognizes that even the best plans do not always work out, and when someone else’s animal consumes some of your limited amount, the animals owner will give you access to an equal portion of their own limited amount to calm your anger.
In cultures dominated by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, this kind of sharing natural resources does not happen.
(3) Exodus 22:6
Anyone who starts a fire and loses control of it will have to repay every loss by selling himself in to slavery to calm the anger of his neighbors.
(4) Exodus 22:7-15
God wants us to recognizes that sometimes we have to trust others with things we own, and that can put a strain on relationships, so God provided instructions on how to keep the peace with our neighbors.
(5) Exodus 22:16-17
God wants us to recognize that will power is not enough to restrain immorality, and God offers instructions on how to handle the results.
(6) Exodus 22:18
Witchcraft involves being loyal to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, and as a result there is a death penalty attached to it.
(7) Exodus 22:19
God’s concept of human sexuality was defined in Genesis 1 and 2, and anyone who violates those standards would be executed. Anyone who embraces the cultural habits promoted by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim is disqualified from enjoying the benefits of redemption.
(8) Exodus 22:20
Anyone who invites the people God has redeemed to be the servants of the other “Elohim” being set up by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim is disqualified from enjoying the benefits of redemption.
(9) Exodus 22:21-24
God does not want the people he has redeemed to mistreat foreigners the same way the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim treated Israel while they lived in Egypt.
(10) Exodus 22:25-27
God does not approve of charging interest on loans. Did you notice it is poor people who are not to be charged interest on loans. In ancient times, the only thing poor people would need to borrow money for was food, and God does not want his people going into debt for that.
There is also a provision here that would allow someone who offered some clothing they used to stay warm at night in winter to have their clothing returned at night. This was done to make sure that the poor person does not get sick, but remains healthy enough to repay his debt.
(11) Exodus 22:28
The people of Israel were told not to revile God or a ruler. The Hebrew word used here is pronounced “qalal” and means to treat as unimportant. The implication here is that we will have disagreements with God and disagreements with authority figures in our lives, and when that happens we must not make the other party look bad to improve our chances of getting our own way.
(12) Exodus 22:29-31
God is the King of Israel, and there were times when people of Israel were expected to bring tribute to him, so God, as their King, instructed them to have a sense of urgency. They were expected to treat God as being more important than anything and anyone else.
(1) Exodus 23:1-3
God believed that the people he rescued from Egypt could become motivated to spread false reports. The cultures that were influenced by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim did not embrace integrity. They believed in being powerful, and they were willing to say and do anything in order to become more powerful than anyone else.
So God warns them not to spread false reports or encourage mob mentalities.
These things would allow Lucifer and the Evil Elohim’s influence to spread among God’s people.
(2) Exodus 23:4-5
God believed that conflict was inevitable. The people of Israel were not always going to agree on everything, but God wanted their loyalty to be deep enough that if you saw an animal that belonged to someone else that you did not always get along with, you should stop what you are doing and take it home.
That is the kind of loyalty God expected the people he rescued from Egypt to have to each other.
Also, whenever someone was traveling, they would often use animals to carry things for them, and sometimes the animals could be overburdened. When this happens, the animal stops moving, and the owner has to remove the burden and let the animal rest.
When that person you do not like is stranded on the side of the road, struggling with an animal that has been overburdened, God expects you to stop what you are doing and help them.
(3) Exodus 23:6-8
Lucifer and the Evil Elohim work to create cultures where poor people have no one they can turn to for help when someone is taking advantage of them. God expects his people to give the poor a fair hearing in legal disputes.
God also expects his people to not make false accusations, and warns us that a false accusation may be trusted in a human court, God will see the injustice and make a note to punish the one who made the false accusation in the future.
Since Lucifer and the Evil Elohim were creating cultures where false accusations could be made easily, they also were busy making sure that bribes could be paid to confirm the false accusations. God warns his people not to engage in this kind of behavior.
God believed that under certain circumstances, the people he rescued from Egypt would be willing to accept bribes to uphold false accusations, especially against the poor. So God warned them here that he disapproved of the behavior that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim encouraged in Egypt.
(4) Exodus 23:9
God believed that the people he rescued from Egypt could begin to treat foreigners the way that they had been mistreated in Egypt. God warned them not to do that, they were expected to remember the burden of slavery they had to bear as slaves to the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
The memory of their past suffering was supposed to encourage them not to mistreat others.
(5) Exodus 23:10-11
The people of Israel had been living in Egypt, and they had access to water coming from the Nile River, which replenished the nutrients in the soil every year. Now that they were leaving the land of Egypt, God had to begin teaching them some different farming techniques.
The land that Israel was moving too did not have river water. The soil was replenished by rain. In order to get the most out of their farmland, they would have to allow one year’s worth of rain to refresh the soil.
So every seventh year, there was going to be no farming. This would allow the soil to regain all of the nutrients needed to grow crops on a regular basis. So every seven years, the first year of farming would have had two years worth of rain fall to be nourished on.
If you add crop rotations to that, then different plants requiring different things from the soil could be grown in different places to make sure you never had a bad year (unless there was no rain).
(6) Exodus 23:12
God also has expectations for how to take care of their own health, and the health of the animals they used for farming. God invited the people he rescued from Egypt to observe the Sabbath rest of the Genesis narrative.
This kind of freedom was not allowed in Egypt. They were not allowed to have any time off when they were stuck in Egypt living as slaves to the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim. God wanted them to stop living that way, and invited them into a kind of freedom they had never known in Egypt.
(7) Exodus 23:13
The people God rescued were told not to mention the names of other “gods.” The Hebrew word used here is one we have seen before. God was telling them not to mention the name of any other “Elohim.”
The people of Israel had one Elohim whose name was YAHWEH, and they were not supposed to talk about the other “Elohim” who were a part of the worldwide network Lucifer set up with the Evil Elohim. Anything done by the human servants of the Evil Elohim was to be rejected by the people God rescued in Egypt.
(8) Exodus 23:14-17
God introduces three religious festivals for the people of Israel to observe every year.
The first one is called “The Feast of Unleavened Bread.” This feast lasted seven days and included the Passover celebration. It was during this feast that Jesus Christ died and was buried.
The second feast is called “The Feast of the Harvest.” This feast was held the day that their crops would begin to grow. A priest would walk out to a field and see the plants beginning to grow out of the ground. Many years later, while a priest was looking at the fields, Jesus friends came and found the tomb was empty and his body was missing.
The third feast is called “The Feast of Ingathering.” This feast was held when the farmer’s were going to harvest the crops they had planted. This feast would later be known as Pentecost.
These were held during the spring time of year.
Each of these feasts required the men to make a journey from their home towns into God’s presence, which eventually would settle in a city known as Jerusalem, which we have already seen once before in the book of Genesis 14:18.
(9) Exodus 23:18
This verse contains instructions to not offer blood with bread made with yeast, or to leave animal fat from a meal lying around overnight. This would be a good time to remember the context.
These instructions were given to people who had lived their whole lives under the influence of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim, and God wanted to set up a brand new culture for them to follow. The expectation here was that they would develop these kinds of habits, and as a result would become able to embrace God’s heart.
(10) Exodus 23:19
This verse has two instructions to follow. The first one is that God is supposed to be given the very best of the crops they would grow in their fields. This was done so that the priests who served God when they could be farming would have food available for their families.
The second command says they should not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk. The idea here involves symbolism. A young goat should not be killed and cooked in the milk that was intended to nourish its life. To state it simply, the idea here is that life and death should not mix.
God wanted his people to develop the habit of keeping a clear distance between life and death.
(11) Exodus 23:20-33
God explains his intentions for the people He rescued. His goal is to give them the land that was currently occupied by a group of people known as the Canaanites. When the people of Israel were in control of the land of Canaan, they were told to destroy every temple and every idol that represented the “gods” that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim used to control the Canaanites.
In order to help the people of Israel be strong enough to defeat the Canaanites, God had two things he was going to do to help them. The first thing was to send an angel before them. The Hebrew word used here is one we have seen before (malak).
This particular “malak” is unique. They were required to obey him, because “my name is in him.”
This “malak” was another appearance of the visible manifestation of YAHWEH that we saw walking in the Garden (Genesis 3) and helping Eve give birth (Genesis 4). Now he is traveling ahead of Israel on their way to their new home.
His reason for traveling ahead of them is to weaken the opposition. He would be using his power and influence over nature to make wild animals reduce the number of people available to fight Israel before they had to fight for their new home.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches: God is moving ahead of us to weaken the opposition that can keep us from enjoying the benefits of what Jesus Christ accomplished before we have to defend our inheritance.
Just like Israel, allowing anything that Lucifer and the Evil Elohim were promoting to be seen as acceptable will lead us into ruin, disgrace and allow us to be disqualified from receiving the benefits of what Jesus Christ accomplished for us.
When God finished explaining everything that was written in Exodus chapters 20 through 23 to Moses, Moses went down the mountain and shared everything he had been told “…and all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the LORD has spoken we will do.” (Exodus 24:3 ESV)
So Moses performed a few ceremonies to make a covenant between the people and Yahweh. The basic meaning of those ceremonies meant that the people of Israel were slaves of Yahweh of the Elohim instead of being slaves to the Pharaoh of Egypt.
An important part of this kind of agreement was for the leaders of the people to sit down and share a meal with their new King, so “Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the elders of Israel went up, and they saw the God of Israel…” (Exodus 24:9-10 ESV)
When the meal was finished, they all went back down the mountain together, and then only Moses was allowed anywhere near the mountain for the rest of the time they stayed there.
“Then Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. The glory of the LORD dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day…Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.” (Exodus 24:15-18 ESV)
(1) Exodus 25:1-9
Now that the people have agreed to be Yahweh’s slaves, he spoke to them as their new King and asked them to make donations for a building project that was called the Tabernacle. The items listed here were things that the people of Israel had taken from the Egyptians as they were leaving:
“The people of Israel had also done as Moses told them, for they had asked the Egyptians for silver and gold jewelry and for clothing. And the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.” (Exodus 12:35-36 ESV)
With all of those materials, the people of Israel were began using their free will to make donations for “a sanctuary” so that God “may dwell in their midst.” (Exodus 25:8 ESV).
God began giving Moses detailed information about every aspect of how the Tabernacle was going to be built, and Moses begins sharing those details with Israel and with the rest of us today.
(2) Exodus 25:10-22
The Ark of the Covenant had two parts to it: There was the Ark itself, and The Mercy Seat. The Ark was basically a small box, and the Mercy Seat was a lid that sat on top of the box.
The Ark Of The Covenant
God told Moses the people of Israel to “make an ark of acacia wood” in Exodus 25:10, so here is a picture of an acacia tree growing in its natural environment for you to see:
Acacia Trees are plants that can survive in the desert. The most important religious artifact in the Bible was made of the wood of a tree that can survive in the most hostile, unforgiving environment possible.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
The instructions Moses received had some detailed measurements for the acacia wood, which was supposed to be covered with gold. In addition to that, the Mercy Seat was supposed to be made of pure gold – there was no acacia wood or anything else at all used to make it.
Moses was told by God to have two cherubim sitting face to face made as a part of the Mercy Seat, and I want show you what the Ark of the Covenant and the Mercy Seat look like. I have pictures of them both.
The Mercy Seat:
The Mercy Seat With The Ark of the Covenant:
(3) Exodus 25:23-30
Moses was told to make a table of acacia wood. This table would be covered with gold and have 12 loafs of bread set on it every day. There were some detailed instructions Moses was given on how to make this, but instead of trying to explain them, I want to show you what it looks like.
Here is a picture.
The Table of the Showbread:
(4) Exodus 25:31-40
Moses was told to make a Lamp stand (in Hebrew – a “Menorah”) of pure gold. This was designed to provide light for the priests who went inside the Tabernacle. There were precise instructions on how to build it, but instead of repeating the instructions, here is a picture of it for you to see what it looks like:
The Golden Menorah:
Some of these items were made of wood and covered with gold, and others were made of pure gold. The wood represents humanity – trees grow out of the ground and the man was made from the dust of the earth. The particular type of wood that was used – acacia wood – grows in deserts.
The harsh environment is meant to be a reflection of our own lives when we are learning obedience to God, and the gold represents how precious our lives are to God when our faith produces endurance when we our lives are filled with pain and suffering.
The items that were made of pure gold represent the spiritual resources available to us. The absence of acacia wood represents something that cannot be touched by pain and suffering. There are things God has offered his Church that belong to us whether we are a persecuted minority or a prospering majority in this world.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
The next task was to deliver the instructions for building a portal tent to contain the three pieces of furniture God just described to Moses. This portal tent was called the Tabernacle, and it had a lot of different parts made of many different materials.
I am going to mention the different parts out of order below, so check the Scripture passages closely.
(1) Exodus 26:15-30
The frame of the Tabernacle was made of acacia wood. There were planks of acacia wood used on the north, south and west sides, with the east end left open so the priests could use it as an entrance.
The planks of acacia wood were held together by poles. The wood planks and the wood poles were all covered with gold. The poles that held the wood planks together had bases made of silver to hold it all together.
(2) Exodus 26:36-37
This design left the east side of the Tabernacle was completely open. So God told Moses to make a screen that could keep everything inside of the Tabernacle hidden from view. This screen was made of fine linen with blue, purple and scarlet yarn.
The blue yarn represented the sky, which would remind us of Heaven above, where God sat with the Divine Counsel of the Elohim. The Purple yarn represented royalty, for God was the King of Israel. The scarlet yarn was meant to remind those who saw it of blood, which represents life in this world.
This screen was held up by five pillars made of acacia wood, which were covered with gold. The curtain was held in place by hooks made of gold, and the bases for the five pillars were made of bronze.
(3) Exodus 26:1-6
The acacia wood frame of the Tabernacle was covered by a tent. This tent was made of fine linen, and the colors used were blue, red and purple. The tent also had cherubim worked into it. There were ten different curtains used to make the tent, and the ten separate parts were held together by clasps made of gold.
(4) Exodus 26:7-14
God wanted the tent with the cherubim worked into it hidden from view as well. To accomplish this, another set of curtains were made. There were eleven of them, and they were made of goat’s hair. The eleven separate curtains were held together by copper clasps.
(5) Exodus 26:31-35
God wanted another curtain made. This curtain was made of blue, purple and scarlet yarn with fine linen. It would also have an image of a cherubim woven into it. The curtain was supposed to separate the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place. It was set up to be a barrier to keep the priests from approaching the Ark of the Covenant while they were working inside the Tabernacle.
This curtain was hung on four pillars made of acacia wood. Each pillar was covered with gold, and there were hooks made of gold on each one the curtain could be attached too. Each one of the pillars had a base made of silver to keep them standing.
In Exodus 27, Moses was given instructions on how to make the Bronze Altar, The Court of the Tabernacle, and the oil that God wanted them to use to keep the Golden Menorah lit up.
(1) Exodus 27:1-8
The Bronze Altar
The Bronze Altar was to made of acacia wood that has been covered with bronze. It had four horns, one on each corner. There were also a lot of other tools that were made for the priests to use when they were working on the Bronze Altar.
The other tools were made to place sacrifices on the altar and to help the priests remove the ashes.
(2) Exodus 27:9-19
The Court of the Tabernacle
The Tabernacle was a tent made of curtains, but there was curtain set up around the Tabernacle. This curtain was used as a wall, and only the Levites were allowed inside. No one else had permission to approach any of the Tabernacle or any of the items that were used in the sacrifices.
(3) Exodus 27:20-21
The Oil For The Menorah
The people of Israel were responsible for bringing olive oil to the Tabernacle on a regular basis. The olive oil was used to keep the Menorah burning, for without it the priests would have no light to see with when they were inside the Tabernacle.
Only Aaron and his sons were allowed to refill the Menorah.
The Priests were responsible for making sure the light provided by the Menorah never went out.
“But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.” (1 Peter 2:9 ESV)
What this verse means is that we have an obligation to make sure the “Menorah” in each others heart never stops giving light. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches. We have this responsibility to each other as “priests” of a new covenant.
In this passage, Moses begins to describe the instructions he was given for making the clothing that the Priests were supposed to wear. There are a lot of complicated details described here, so I thought it would be easier to simply share a picture with you.
These garments “shall be on Aaron and on his sons when they go into the tent of meeting or when they come near the altar to minister in the Holy Place, lest they bear guilt and die.” (Exodus 28:43 ESV)
We need to notice the warning: “lest they bear guilt and die.” The closer you become to God, the less freedom you have to esteem self, to express yourself, or follow your heart. The reason for this is simple – the more freedom we give to the corruption that exists in the human heart, the more dangerous it becomes to be near God.
God’s goal remains the same: he wants our obedience. The life of faith is a life of slavery to someone else’s agenda for our lives. We are supposed to belong to a group of people who can help us avoid making decisions on what God’s agenda for our lives is alone. Who does this for you?
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(1) Exodus 29:1-9
The next thing Moses tells us about is the work that needed to be done in order to dedicate the Priests to serve in the Tabernacle. So let’s take a look at what was involved in the dedication.
The first thing that needed to be done was to collect the animals to be sacrificed. Moses was told to take one bull and two rams. He was also told to get some unleavened bread and bread mixed with oil, and another set covered with oil.
Once these items were collected, Moses was told to put the priestly robes on Aaron and his sons. He was supposed to have the breast piece of judgment on at all times, so that the names of the sons of Israel would be on his heart while he worked in the Tabernacle.
(2) Exodus 29:10-21
Now we can look at how the ceremony for the priests was performed. The first task that had to be performed was the dedication of the altar. This involved the death of a bull. The blood of the bull was used to dedicate the altar, and then certain parts of the bull were set on the altar and burned with fire, while the rest of the bull’s body was taken outside of the camp and burned to ashes as well.
After the altar was dedicated, Moses would bring a ram and kill it. The blood of the ram was sprinkled on the side of the altar before the ram was cut up by Moses and set on the altar to be burned. Another ram was brought and killed, and its blood was placed on the altar as well as the person who was being dedicated as a priest.
After the blood had been applied to the priest, there was a small amount of oil that would also be placed on the body of the person being dedicated as a priest. When the oil was applied, then the person being dedicated as a priest would be considered “holy.”
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches: there is a difference between being a part of God’s chosen people and being dedicated to serve the Lord. Becoming a member of God’s chosen people involves Jesus being sacrificed – remember how his body was carried out of town and disappeared in the grave when the Resurrection occurred.
Becoming “holy” required an additional sacrifice in order for someone to be put to work in the Lord’s service that involved blood and oil being placed on the person set apart to serve. The oil represents the filling of the Holy Spirit, and it not something poured out on everyone who is a member of God’s chosen people.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(3) Exodus 29:22-28
Most of the offerings brought to the Lord belong to God, and were placed on the altar. There were also some provisions made for the Priests to keep certain parts of the offerings for themselves. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches: we need to make sure we give those who God intends to support the portion reserved for them.
(4) Exodus 29:29-34
God told Moses that the special robes made for Aaron and his sons were not to be used by anyone else, they belonged to the priests of each future generation who served in the Tabernacle.
In addition to that, whenever a new priest was brought to serve the Lord, there was a special ceremony involving a meal that only the priests were allowed to eat from performed. The food served in this meal was considered “holy” and anyone who was not a priest would not be allowed to attend and eat.
There was also a certain period of time in which the food that was “holy” could be eaten, anything left over would have to be burned to ashes in a fire until there was nothing left. In the same way, Jesus’ body was placed in a grave and the angels said “He is not here, he is Risen” because there was nothing left of the “holy” offering found in the grave on the third day.
(5) Exodus 29:35-37
It would take seven days for Aaron and his sons to become “holy.” There were sacrifices that had to be made, and each sacrifice purified the altar where most of the priests work was done. The “atonement’ by blood and “consecration” by oil of the altar were done by the priests.
There was a human action that had to be performed for “atonement” and “consecration” to be recognized by God. God explained in detail what kind of actions needed to be performed by men, but the end result of “atonement” and “consecration” could be prevented on the basis of choices that we make in life.
There are some people who were appointed to perform a certain task which was never completed because their assignment was not recognized by others who could have lifted them to the place they needed to be in order to fulfill their role.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(6) Exodus 29:38-46
God also gave instructions on what the priests were supposed to do when their ordination process was completed. Every morning they would sacrifice a lamb. The last thing they did each day was to sacrifice a second lamb on the altar.
The two lambs were brought to the altar with flour, oil and wine. These were done to acknowledge the Presence of God in the Tabernacle. The lambs, flour, oil and wine were provided by the people of Israel to the priests to show that they knew where God’s Presence could be found.
In Exodus 29:45 (ESV) God said “I will dwell among the people of Israel and be their God.”
When he says, I will…be their God, Moses is using the word Elohim. This points back to the Genesis narrative and the time the Gentiles were disowned at the Tower of Babel incident. Each ethnic group was assigned an Elohim to maintain order, but the Elohim responsible for the nation of Israel was YHWH.
This idea was placed here on purpose. It contains a very important thought for an event that will occur in the Exodus narrative very soon…
(1) The Altar of Incense
God told Moses to build an altar where the priests could come to burn incense inside of the Tabernacle.
Every morning Aaron would enter the Tabernacle and burn some incense on this altar. This was done when the first lamb had been placed on the bronze altar outside. The time when Aaron burned the incense was also the time he would begin refilling the oil supply for the Golden Menorah.
Just to be clear, the daily offering of incense represents the importance of prayer. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(2) The Census Tax
God gave Moses permission to count the number of people who were rescued from Egypt. This commandment also extends to future generations of the people as well. The future Kings of Israel and Judah had the right to count the number of men who were 20 years old on a regular basis.
When this census was taken, there was a tax that was supposed to be placed on the people of Israel. The amount of the tax was a “half shekel.” This exact amount was required of the rich and the poor, and the money collected would be used by the priests for maintenance on the Tabernacle.
(3) The Bronze Basin
There was also a place set up inside the Tabernacle where the priests could wash their hands and feet. They would need this to wash the blood off of their hands. There would also be a lot of blood on the ground that they would be walking around in, so a way was provided for them to wash their feet as well.
(4) The Anointing Oil and Incense
God also gave Moses some very detailed instructions on how the oil for the Golden Menorah and the incense that they were supposed to burn on the incense altar was to be made. The incense in particular was were considered to be “holy,” and anyone who would use it outside of the Tabernacle for anything else would be executed for treason:
“Whoever makes any like it to use as perfume shall be cut off from his people.” (Exodus 30:38 ESV)
(1) The Two Craftsman
God told Moses the names of two men who had all of the skills needed to complete the building projects that have been described here. God did not allow Moses to ask for volunteers to lead the project, because God had two people who he had been preparing for this task.
Whenever God wants to start a ministry project of any kind, he will already have someone ready to do the work. Like Moses, we will not have to ask for volunteers to oversee the project. The only exception to this is when our leaders have authority without wisdom.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(2) The Sabbath
God has already spoken to Moses about the Sabbath, but an interesting detail is added to the conversation by God here. The extra detail added here is that any and all violations of the Sabbath carry a death penalty.
We need to take a moment and understand why.
In Genesis 2, the Sabbath was introduced for the first time. The goal of the Sabbath was for people to rest and enjoy the goodness of God. God’s goodness would be experienced by providing for their needs without them having to work to provide for themselves.
After Genesis 3, the activity involved became a burden, but the provision(s) were still there. The Civil War of the Divine Counsel resulted in Lucifer and the Evil Elohim setting up other world religions in the place of the Genesis narrative (which included the Sabbath).
Now Israel has been living in Egypt, a land dominated by Lucifer and the Evil Elohim. During this time many of them had been brainwashed and the rest who escaped that had learned to compromise with an unbelieving world (in self defense).
Now, God has intervened to rescue them, he wants to invite them all back to the original intention of the Genesis narrative regarding the Sabbath, but they still have a choice to remain in bondage to the cultural habits they learned in Egypt from the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
Moses wrote this little piece about the Sabbath here because of what happens next. The next thing that happens is that the people of Israel – in Moses’ absence and with Aaron’s blessing – abandon YHWH and declare their loyalty to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
While Moses was up on the mountain, the people who had been rescued from Egypt were down in a valley being supervised by Aaron. In Moses’ absence they began to grow restless, and as a result they decided to proclaim their loyalty to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim they had become familiar with in Egypt.
The people came to Aaron, and said “make us gods who shall go before us.” (Exodus 32:1 ESV).
The word “gods” here is “Elohim.” The people of Israel decided to follow the social customs they had become familiar with in the land of Egypt. This brings up a lot of different things we need to consider.
#1. Not everyone wanted a new “Elohim.”
The tribe of Levi wanted to be servants of Yahweh. They would prove their loyalty when Moses came down the mountain, we will look at that later.
#2. Aaron was a hypocrite.
Aaron agreed to make a new “Elohim” based on the ones they had known in Egypt and told the people they would use it to have “a feast to the LORD” in Exodus 32:5. The word LORD here is YHWH. So Aaron decided to take the name of YHWH and apply it to the “Elohim” they left behind in Egypt.
Do you know the reason why was Aaron allowed to be a leader in Israel? God never intended for Aaron to have the kind of influence we see him with here. The only reason Aaron was in a position to do this is because Moses did not want to live in agreement with God’s agenda.
God’s agenda was for Moses to be the only person recognized as speaking for God, but Moses refused. Moses only changed his mind when God suggested that Aaron bear some of the responsibility. Now Moses’ disobedience back then is threatening Israel’s well being right now.
#3. The Wrath of God
When God saw what the people of Israel did, his response was to say “I am going to kill all of them.” Think about the things that God could have said. God could have said “I am going to kill everyone except the tribe of Levi because they want to be loyal to me.”
This brings up one of the sad realities of the local Church. The local Church as a group of people are either allowed to enjoy the benefits of salvation together or we are denied the benefits of salvation together.
In this case, we God had decided to not allow any of them enjoy the benefits of salvation. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the local Churches: we all move forward together or we will not be allowed to move at all. The moment one member of a local church is not living in agreement with God, all the potential of the other local church members around them has been compromised.
#4. The Mercy of Moses
When Moses saw that the entire nation’s potential had been compromised, he began begging for mercy. Moses was the only person who had learned obedience, and for that reason God was going to personally guarantee his safety while everyone else died.
God intended to use Moses to build a new nation. Let’s consider this carefully. Moses was at least 80 years old at this point. God was so angry with Israel that God was ready to help Moses get married again with a younger woman to begin his plans for a new ethnic group.
Moses would rather die than see God behave this way after everything that has happened up to this point, and God decided not to punish Israel that day in the valley.
#5. Resolving the Problem
Moses came down the mountain and found most of them celebrating their new “Elohim.” Moses broke the two tablets of stone, which according to the social customs of the time, was considered a declaration of war against someone who had been a friend in the past.
Moses began using waterboarding to try and restrain the insanity of sin, but there was too much happening, so he asked if anyone was still interested in serving YHWH, and the tribe of Levi stood up. Moses told the Levites to get their weapons and start killing people who were worshiping the new “Elohim” until the worship service ended. The Levites ended up killed 3,000 people before the worship service was stopped.
When order was restored, then Moses went back up the mountain to ask God for mercy again. It was at this point that God decided that Israel’s punishment for this would given to them a few weeks later.
(1) Exodus 33:1-6
After Moses asked God to have mercy on Israel, God sent Moses down the mountain with a message letting them know they could continue their journey to the land of Canaan.
However, there were some things that would be different as a result of the incident with the golden calf and their decision to follow Lucifer and the Evil Elohim. The first difference was that God had chosen to withdraw his Presence from them.
God’s original plan was that he would travel with them, but after what happened with the golden cow, God chose someone else to be present with them in His place. The implication here is that the God of the Genesis narrative has already grown weary of their rebellion just like he did with all the other nations at the time of the Tower of Babel.
Instead of YHWH traveling with them, God said he would send an angel with them. The word angel used here is “Malak.” What that means is that Israel was going to have to follow a member of the Divine Counsel of the Elohim instead of YHWH as they traveled to the land of Canaan.
God’s reason for this was explained in Exodus 33:5, which says this in the ESV: “You are a stiff necked people; if for a single moment I should go up among you, I would consume you.”
That brings up the next thing Moses wrote about.
(2) Exodus 33:7- 11
The next thing we are told is that Moses set up a Tent of Meeting. This is not referring to the Tabernacle. We must remember that God has chosen not to dwell among Israel, and so Moses set up a Tent of Meeting a short distance from where the people of Israel were camping in the wilderness.
God has already told them not to stay at Mount Sinai, and the Tent of Meeting would be the place where Moses and God could continue their conversation that began on Mount Sinai. It should also be noted that we are introduced to Joshua, the son of Nun.
Actually, this is the second time we have seen Joshua. The first time we see him is when Moses was coming down the mountain. It appears that Joshua was allowed to climb at least half way up the mountain with Moses.
I mention that because in Exodus 32:17-18 Joshua told Moses his impression of the noise in the camp, while it was still far enough away to be misunderstood. Now that Moses has set up the Tent of Meeting nearby, we are told that Joshua the son of Nun never left the place where YAHWEH “used to speak to Moses as a man speaks to his friend” (Exodus 33:11 ESV).
(3) Exodus 33:12-23
The final thing we see happening here is that Moses’ faith has been shaken. The basic concern Moses has is explained in Exodus 33:12 which says this in the ESV: “Moses said to the LORD, “See you say to me, Bring up this people, but you have not let me know whom you will send with me.”
Moses was disappointed that a member of the Divine Counsel of the Elohim had been chosen to travel with Israel in Yahweh’s place. The implication here is that God did not trust Israel anymore. Moses had been learning God’s methods for accomplishing God’s goals, only to reach this point and find out that God was no longer in charge of their journey.
Another member of the Divine Counsel of the Elohim was going to take over, and the new “boss” had less wisdom, power and knowledge available for making important decisions.
So Moses is begging and pleading with God to let things work the way they did before the incident with the golden cow occurred. God responded by offering a compromise. The compromise worked like this: The nation of Israel would be led by a member of the Divine Counsel of Elohim, but Moses was going to be given a very special opportunity.
In order to prove that God still thought very highly of Moses, God promised that “I will make all my goodness pass before you and will proclaim before you my name “The LORD.” And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. But, he said “You cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live.”
And the LORD said “Behold, there is a place by me where you shall stand on the rock, and while my glory passes by I will put you in a cleft of the rock, and I will cover you with my hand until I have passed by. Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen” (Exodus 33:19-23 ESV).
This is how Moses began to have hope for the journey through the wilderness. While the rest of the people God had rescued had to follow some anonymous angel with less wisdom, knowledge and power, Moses was allowed to be close to God in a way the rest of the people of Israel missed because they abused their free will.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches.
(1) Exodus 34:1-8
Before Moses and the people of Israel left Mount Sinai, Moses was invited to come up the mountain alone one more time. The goal was to make a new set of stones that the terms of the covenant were written on. When Moses reached the top of the mountain, God spoke to him and “proclaimed the name of the LORD. The LORD passed before him and proclaimed, “The LORD, the LORD, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.” (Exodus 34:5-7 ESV)
In these verses, God is explaining God to Moses. In order to appreciate the significance of what is being said here, we have to connect this statement with the context of Israel’s journey out of Egypt. Israel has been rescued out of Egypt, and while they were camping out at Mount Sinai, they decided to declare their loyalty to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim.
As a result, God was not happy. Moses was able to intervene, and God chose NOT to kill all of the Israelites. When the immediate danger had passed, the people of Israel came and wanted to renew the covenant they had made earlier. Upon hearing their request, God decided to explain God to Moses, who would pass the information on them.
This is very important: God introduces himself as a God of mercy and justice. God is “merciful and gracious” as well as someone “who will by no means clear the guilty.” Anyone who wants to receive the benefits of being involved in a covenant relationship with God needs to understand his mercy and his justice.
This is where we begin to have problems, because the natural tendency is to proclaim mercy instead of justice. When was the last time you looked at how popular the love of God is compared to the wrath of God? He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches: in order to enter the covenant, you have to embrace God’s mercy and his sense of justice.
So let’s examine God’s sense of justice. This passage mentions that God forgives “iniquity and transgression and sin.” There are three different Hebrew words used here, because there are three different ways to offend God.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches: anyone who approaches God and cannot tell the difference between an iniquity, a transgression and a sin is not going to receive the benefits God offers under the covenants in the Bible.
In addition to that, there is a greater danger mentioned here: God is offended by iniquity, transgressions, and sins, but iniquities carry a harsher penalty than the other two offenses. God is very clear that he will visit “iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and fourth generation.” (Exodus 34:7 ESV)
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Bible says to the Churches: anyone who does not understand the difference between iniquity, transgressions, and sins is a clear and present danger to the spiritual well being of future generations of their family, to the fourth generation.
(2) Exodus 34:8-9
The point here is that God will accept anyone who asks for mercy. But unless those who receive mercy develop a deeper understanding of the difference between iniquities, transgressions and sins, the benefits of the covenant will always remain just out of their reach.
When Moses understood this, we are told “Moses quickly bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped.” (Exodus 34:8 ESV)
The reason Moses responded that way is because he understood something we saw in the book of Job: “If I wash myself with snow and cleanse my hands with lye, yet you will plunge me into a pit, and my own clothes will abhor me.” (Job 9:30-31 ESV)
Moses began to understand the nature of corruption in the lives of people God had rescued, and even more, he began to see it in himself as well. Moses began to see and think of himself the same way Job did, and Moses quickly bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped” the God who was willing to tolerate this aspect of human nature.
(3) Exodus 34:10-16
Moses came to God, asking him to give Israel a second chance, and God agreed to his request and said: “I am making a covenant. Before all your people I will do marvels, such as have not been created in all the earth or in any nation. And all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the LORD, for it is an awesome thing that I will do with you.” (Exodus 34:10 ESV)
God promised that all the people would see the work of the LORD. The Hebrew word used here is Yahweh. This is important because the people of Israel had just declared their loyalty to Lucifer and the Evil Elohim with the Golden Calf, but God is promising them a chance to see something greater than the work of the Elohim.
God is trying to place himself above the rest of the Elohim (the cherubim, the seraphim, the angels as well as evil spirits) in the minds of the people who came out or Egypt. Let’s look at how God does this.
First, God promises that he is in fact stronger than the “Elohim” who are worshiped in the land of Canaan where the people of Israel are going to make their new home. God tells the people he is making a covenant with that the “Elohim” of the people should are not His rivals. They are not Yahweh’s equals, and all of their influence on culture should be rejected.
(4) Exodus 34:17
And because of the incident with the Golden calf, God specifically mentions the making and use of statues to represent the “Elohim” as something to be rejected as a part of the Covenant. This was not a cultural trend they could continue doing if they wanted to be faithful to God.
(5) Exodus 34:18-24
Instead of continuing the cultural habits that were popular in Egypt, God expects them to continue celebrating the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which marked the time when they were rescued from Egypt. This was the time when their social status changed from being slaves of the Pharaoh in Egypt to slaves of Yahweh.
As a reminder of their new management, Moses was told that every firstborn animal and every first born son were dedicated to the Lord’s service and in need of redemption. The redemption process involved making a sacrifice, and anything that was not redeemed was to be killed.
The implication here is that every firstborn animal and every first born son belonged to God. The people of Israel had to make a sacrifice in order to gain God’s permission to keep the animals and their sons to provide for their own needs, and any time the sacrifice was not made, a death penalty would be enforced.
God intended for all of their first born sons to be redeemed, and no one was allowed to attend the redemption services empty handed – they had to bring a sacrifice to offer in place of their first born son(s).
They were also no longer required to work seven days a week. God was allowing Israel to return to the Sabbath principle of the Genesis narrative, which they had been denied in the land of Egypt. When they settled into their new home, they would also observe the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Ingathering.
As long as Israel observed the Passover, the Feast of Weeks and the Feast of Ingathering, God would personally guarantee their independence as a nation. None of the servants of Lucifer and the Evil Elohim would think of trying to invade or conquer the nation of Israel.
(6) Exodus 34:25-28
In order to help Israel do that, God repeats some of the instructions they were given about the Passover. A new instruction was added at this point – they were not allowed to boil a young goat in its mother’s milk. This additional note is attached to the Passover as a reminder that life and death are to be kept separated.
The milk was intended to help a young goat survive, and God does not want to see it used in the meal preparation of a young goat’s meat. The source of a young goat’s life is not something God wants to see associated with the young goat’s death to provide food for our needs.
This is meant to show we recognize the difference between life and death, and any regulations or teachings beyond that are acts of rebellion against the thoughts and intents of Yahweh’s heart and mind.
He who has an ear, let him hear.
So Moses came back down the mountain and shared the good news that God was still interested in making a covenant with the people of Israel, and was able to explain what Israel had done wrong as a warning for the future generations of their families to observe.
So the people of Israel were waiting at the bottom of the mountain for Moses to come back and tell them whether or not God was going to have mercy on them. When Moses came down to share the good news that they had been forgiven, his face was glowing, literally.
In response to their rebellion, Moses came to share a message of good news. He was going to offer them the hope of God’s mercy, and his skin was shining a bright light that intimidated everyone who saw it. The light shining from Moses’ skin remained there for a very long time. It lasted so long that Moses had to wear a veil over his face when he was around the people of Israel, with the exception of Joshua, the son of Nun.
Joshua would be with Moses when he removed the veil at the tent of meeting to speak with God, and became comfortable being around the glory that rested on Moses when he brought the good news of God’s mercy to Israel.
After Moses came back down the mountain and let Israel know God has chosen to show them mercy, all of the work on the Tabernacle began. While Moses’ face was shining as a result of God’s mercy, the people of Israel began bringing the materials needed to do the work described to Moses before the Golden calf incident.
When the people realized they had offended God, and God had chosen not to kill them all, then we are told that a contribution to the LORD was made (Exodus 35:5) by everyone who had a “generous heart” in response to the good news Moses brought about the mercy God was going to show them.
God’s mercy in the face of their rebellion motivated all of them to make donations for the Tabernacle. “Everyone whose heart stirred him, and everyone whose spirit moved him” (Exodus 35:21 ESV) because they had been forgiven for the Exodus 32 incident, brought what they had taken from the Egyptians as they were leaving Egypt (Exodus 11:1-2, Exodus 12:35).
The people of Israel made the items Moses had been told about on his first trip up the mountain, exactly as they were described, and Moses put them together, and the Presence of the LORD descended on the Tent of Meeting and the Tabernacle.
This Is (Not) The End.