Discipleship involves learning what kind of book the Bible is.

When you are going through the discipleship process, God will begin to help you have a change of heart regarding the Bible. The results of that change of heart will result in some ideas about the Bible becoming habits in your mind. I want to introduce you to each of those new ideas below to help you grow stronger in faith.

Lesson 2 – The Word of God

The Bible is where God explains Himself to us.

That is simple enough. This way of thinking about the Bible is known as the Doctrine of the Word of God. In the Bible, we are shown that God has different ways of communicating. Here is brief summary for you.

(1) God’s Decrees (see Genesis 1:3)

In Genesis 1, we see God speak and the universe submits to His words several times. At other places in the Bible we are shown the results of God’s decrees (a few times). When these decrees are made, they affect the unseen, spiritual realm.

The decrees of God set boundaries for what angels and demons are allowed to do or not do in our lives.world. Since these decrees are normally directed at angels and demons, we are rarely allowed to know what is being said in them.

(2) God’s Words of Personal Address (see Genesis 2:16-17)

In the Bible, we see many times when God speaks directly to people.

God intends to have the kind of personal relationship with us that involves communication on a regular basis. In the Bible we see God speaking to people. These stories set the standard for what and how God interacts with us, to help us make good decisions with our free will in life.

We see God speaks, explaining what the best choice(s) are in our current situation and circumstances. The stories in the Bible offer guidance on how that happens in our lives.

(3) God’s Words in Speech Through Human Lips (see Jeremiah 1:8)

In the Bible, we see that God also speaks to us through other people. When God sees that the people he has spoken to as individuals are ignoring him, he will put the message he wanted to share into the mouth of another person who can be easier to recognize and harder to ignore.

Conclusion (Joshua 1:8, Psalm 1:1-2)

In order to improve our relationship with God, we have to spend time learning more about the Bible. The Bible sets the standard for recognizing when God is speaking and what God is saying. Just to let you know that I am not making this up, allow me to quote a Bible scholar named Wayne Grudem on this issue.

Here what Grudem said:

“Of all the forms of the Word of God, the focus of our study in systematic theology is God’s Word in written form, that is the Bible. This is the form of God’s word that is available for study, for public inspection, for repeated examination, and as a basis for mutual discussion.” (Wayne Grudem)

So the Bible is where you need to go when you want to hear God speak.

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Lesson 3 – The Canon of Scripture

The ancient books in the Bible were written to improve the quality of your relationship with God.

A long time ago, Church leaders came up with a list of books that could help the Church “be complete, equipped for every good work.” (2 Timothy 3:17 ESV) The ancient books that could help us nurture the faith without which it is impossible to please God (see Hebrews 11:6) came to be known as the Canon of Scripture.

Here is a list of the Canon of Scripture:

The Old Testament, A Set of Books Written Before Jesus Was Born:

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi.

The New Testament, A Set of Books Written After Jesus Was Born:

Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, Jude and the Revelation.

These books give us all the information we need to become spiritually healthy. We face two dangers with this. The first is that we can add more to the Canon of Scripture, and the second danger is that we can subtract from the Canon of Scripture, which simply means we encourage people to overlook some of God’s expectations for our lives. (see Deuteronomy 4:2)

Each of these books named above are meant to be trusted the same way we trust God.

There are other books written in the past that were left out of the Bible on purpose. The reason(s) they were left out is because they were not trustworthy. There are details contained in the excluded books that can mislead people by adding unnecessary things to the list of God’s expectations for our lives.

Church leaders in the past decided to leave them out in order to protect people from misunderstanding God’s agenda for our lives.

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Lesson 4 – The Authority of Scripture

God wants to teach you to obey.

One of the New Testament authors wrote that the goal of his preaching and teaching (and writing) was to “bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of the name among all the nations.” (Romans 1:5 ESV)

In order to help with this, Church leaders began promoting an idea known as the Authority of Scripture. In 2 Timothy 3:15-16 the ESV Bible says “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.”

Every time you make a choice to live in agreement with what the Bible says, God will think you are doing something good. The opposite is also true: every time you make a choice to live in disagreement with what the Bible says God will think you are doing something evil.

There are rewards for doing good and penalties for doing evil. (I will tell you more about this later).

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Lesson 5

The Inerrancy of Scripture

The Bible never asks us to believe a lie.

In the Bible, we are told that “Every word of God proves true…” (Proverbs 30:5 ESV)

Just to let you know there are others who agree with the position I am arguing for here, allow me to share a quote from Wayne Grudem again. Wayne Grudem wrote that “the Bible always tells the truth, and that it always tells the truth concerning everything it talks about.”

This is very important because the Bible contains a lot of unusual stories about supernatural things.

A lot of these supernatural things offend our cultural habits, yet God still expects us to think that all of the details in those supernatural stories are historically accurate. There are no exaggerations or myths recorded anywhere in the Bible.

Every detail recorded in the Bible is historically accurate. The Bible says that “God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should change his mind. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it?” (Numbers 23:19 ESV)

The more attention we give to the details of what is written, the easier it will become to interact with God, because by trusting the details in the Bible we are learning to recognize the methods He used in the past to interact with people.

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Lesson 6

The Clarity of Scripture

The Bible’s message can be understood by children.

The Bible says “And these words that I command you shall be on your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise.” (Deuteronomy 6:6-7 ESV)

Jesus even took it a step further and said “Truly, I say to you, unless you turn and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. Whoever humbles himself like this child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.” (Matthew 18:3-4 ESV)

One of the best interpretations of this Matthew 18 passage came from “Heaven Is For Real” by Todd Burpo.

This is what he said: “What is childlike humility? It’s not the lack of intelligence, but the lack of guile. The lack of an agenda. It’s that precious, fleeting time before we have accumulated enough pride or position to care what other people might think. The same un-self-conscious honesty that enables a three year old to splash joyfully in a rain puddle, or tumble laughing in the grass with a puppy, or point out loudly that you have a booger hanging out of your nose, is what is required to enter heaven. It is the opposite of ignorance – it is intellectual honesty; to be willing to accept reality and to call things what they are even when it is hard.”

The older we get, the harder this kind of intellectual honesty required to read the Bible correctly becomes. This is why Peter wrote that “our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his letters when he speaks in them of these matters. There are some things in them that are hard to understand, which the ignorant and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do the other Scriptures.” (2 Peter 3:15-16 ESV)

Not everyone you meet in life will have the intellectual honesty of a three year old child. In order to help you maintain that kind of un self conscious honesty a three year old has there are teachers God has given to the Church to help us (see Ephesians 4:11-14).

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Lesson 7

The Necessity of Scripture

You cannot be faithful to God without studying the Bible. This is why the Bible says, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.” (Matthew 4:4 ESV).

What do you think would happen if you decided you would never eat food or drink water again?

Of course you would die. There is a similar kind of spiritual fatigue and death that can set in when we stop paying attention to what the Bible has to say. Each part of the Bible contributes something to a mature and complete understanding of God’s expectations for our lives, and any part(s) we have not studied create blind spots in our lives that can allow us to be mislead or misguided in life.

The Bible tell us what kind of questions God thinks that we should be asking, and then it also gives us the answers to the questions God thinks we should be asking. “The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but the things that are revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law. (Deuteronomy 29:29 ESV)

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Lesson 8

The Sufficiency of Scripture

“Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.” (Proverbs 30:6)

Every time we add something to God’s commands recorded in Scripture for people to follow, we are placing ourselves at risk of losing something precious that we could have had, either in this life or in the world to come (or both).

The Bible says “I warn everyone who hears the words of this prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.” (Revelation 22:18-19 ESV)

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A Final Thought

These ideas will begin to grow in the hearts and minds of people who are growing closer to God. I am writing this here because we need to be intentional about this. We need to expose people to these ideas on purpose. God’s plan involves an older, wiser, more experienced person helping others with less wisdom and less experience become disciplined in these areas.

This is the goal of discipleship, which I like to call the first task of the teacher. If you want to participate or donate to help distribute Bibles, you can contact an organization known as the Gideons International through their website:

The Gideons International (Offisite)

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P.S. – I found a book written by Josh McDowell that can help you understand more about how Scripture was written, and I wanted to recommend it here to those who are interested helping others explore the meaning of these lessons about Scripture.

God Breathed by Josh McDowell

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